Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Monique Messié
Research Specialist

Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
7700 Sandholdt Road
Moss Landing, CA 95039
Phone: (831) 775-1836
Fax: (831) 775-1620
email: monique

My research combines satellite products, model outputs and in situ data to study ecosystem processes, from physics to top predators and carbon export with a stronger focus on phytoplankton. I currently work with several MBARI research groups (Chavez, Haddock, Robison, Smith). Topics include physical and biological variability at regional and global scales, response to climate and ocean change, links with higher trophic levels, bioluminescence in the upper ocean, and connections between surface, midwater and benthic communities.

Publications: Google Scholar profile, ResearchGate profile
Curriculum Vitae

Current and past research projects:

Large-scale climate variability and impacts on biology

  • Global modes of climate variability captured by an EOF analysis of sea surface temperatures (1910-2009) and related to regional modes (e.g., ENSO, PDO, NPGO, AMO, ENSO Modoki) (webpage, Messié & Chavez 2011).
  • Global-scale EOF analysis of physical and biological variables (1993-2010) that showed synchronous variations in the first mode associated with ENSO (Messié & Chavez 2012), and in the second mode associated with ENSO Modoki and the NPGO (Messié & Chavez 2013).
  • For a review of marine primary production in relation to climate variability and change, see Chavez, Messié & Pennington 2011.
Nitrate supply and primary production in Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems (EBUS)
  • Nitrate supply calculations from satellite winds and in situ nitrate climatologies (Messié et al. 2009).
  • Seasonal regulation of primary production in EBUS investigated based on nitrate supply and proxies for iron, light, temperature and physical export (Messié & Chavez 2015). This study showed that primary production regulation is highly variable in space and time and across systems.
  • For a comparison of the four major EBUS (California, NW Africa, Peru and Benguela), see Chavez & Messié 2009.
Physical-biological interactions in the western tropical Pacific
  • Seasonal cycle of satellite chlorophyll and its drivers, found to be primarily changes in horizontal advection and local upwelling (Messié & Radenac 2006).
  • Model analysis of a dramatic bloom observed during the 1997-98 El Niño / La Niña transition, which was shown to be generated by an island mass effect (Gilbert Islands, Republic of Kiribati) (Messié et al. 2006). A similar bloom was observed during the 2009-10 El Niño / La Niña transition (Gierach, Messié et al. 2013).
  • Description of a persistent oligotrophic zone found within the warm pool (Radenac, Messié et al. 2013). Such low chlorophyll values can be explained by a deep nutricline, the presence of a barrier layer and the remoteness of nutrient-rich areas.
  • For a review of phytoplankton dynamics in the western tropical Pacific (seasonal variability, 1997-98 Kiribati bloom and westerly winds impacts), see PhD dissertation 2006 (in French).
Participation in modeling studies
  • Forecasting Anchovy and Sardine Transitions (FAST)
  • Salmon Applied Forecasting, Assessment and Research Initiative (SAFARI, see also Santora et al. 2013 for an evaluation of modeled zooplankton)
  • Salmon Ecosystem Simulation and Management Evaluation (SESAME)
Biodiversity and ecosystems functioning
  • Bioluminescence and phytoplankton/zooplankton interactions
  • Integrated MBARI time series
  • The impact of environmental conditions on sharks distribution and diving behavior

Last updated: Feb. 25, 2015