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1999 Projects

Current Projects

Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Benthic processes
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Midwater research
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Upper ocean biogeochemistry
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) New research platforms
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) ROV improvements
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Mooring improvements
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) New in-situ Instruments
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Information management and archiving
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Education and outreach
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) 1998 Projects
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) 1997 Projects


1999 Projects: New in-situ Instruments

Solid-state chemical analyzers

Project lead: Hans Jannasch
Project manager: Paul McGill
Project team: Judith Connor, Gernot Friederich, and Mark Zdeblick

It is generally recognized that the most significant factor limiting our understanding of chemical distributions in the ocean is the lack of data with sufficient spatial and temporal resolution. Satellite images of the ocean surface and benthic observations of hydrothermal systems show that the ocean's chemical composition can vary greatly, and over much smaller scales than previously believed. Current methods of chemical sampling followed by laboratory analyses are too cumbersome and expensive to obtain the detailed data required to study this natural variability. The most obvious solution is to develop small, reliable, in situ chemical detectors capable of analyzing uncontaminated samples in real time while deployed on a variety of platforms, including submersibles, CTD instruments, moorings, and benthic observatories.

Under this projects we will continue development of a fully programmable, solid-state chemical analyzer. We will demonstrate the feasibility of this concept by building an in situ, ROV-deployable instrument capable of processing several chemistries simultaneously. These analyzers will utilize our  recently developed microvalve, which contains no moving parts and allows all the microfluidic elements of the analyzer to be contained in a volume of about 100 mililiters. We expect to adapt existing sulfide, silicate, iron, and manganese chemistries to this device. In addition to standard colorimetric analyses, the analyzer will be able to process in situ titrations and online dilutions, and make conductivity measurements. With their small size, lack of moving parts, and ability to be fully computer-controlled, these analyzers hold promise as the next generation of useful in situ oceanographic analyzers for dissolved constituents within any aqueous environment.

Next: Instrumentation for studies on redox-active chemical species

Last updated: 07 October 2004