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1999 Projects

Current Projects

Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Benthic processes
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Midwater research
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Upper ocean biogeochemistry
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) New research platforms
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) ROV improvements
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Mooring improvements
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) New in-situ Instruments
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Information management and archiving
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) Education and outreach
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) 1998 Projects
Green_Ball.gif (257 bytes) 1997 Projects


1999 Projects: Benthic processes

Ocean chemistry of greenhouse gases

Project lead: Peter Brewer
Project manager: Peter Brewer
Project team: Gernot Friederich, Keith Kvenvolden (adjunct), George Malby, Edward Peltzer, and John Ryan

This project will continue and extend the ongoing research on the ocean chemistry of the principal greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), including investigations initiated two years ago into the hydrates of these gases. The scientific problem this work addresses is broad and contains aspects of the ocean’s role in climate change, future fuel reserves, limits on our understanding of the carbon cycle, and the ability to ameliorate greenhouse gas-induced warming. In 1999 we propose to:

  • Complete studies on gas plumes sampled in the Santa Barbara Basin and on the fate of the gases in seawater
  • Establish a local seafloor-hydrate observatory for controlled experiments with the ROV Ventana
  • Carry out a novel experiment at a methane-hydrate site within the Eel River Basin off Northern California (jointly with Miriam Kastner of Scripps Institution of Oceanography)
  • Carry out a test of deep-sea nuclear magnetic resonance instrumentation in Monterey Bay, to investigate the changing proton signal during hydrate formation (a collaboration with Robert Kleinberg of Schlumberger-Doll Research and James Yesinowski of the Naval Research Laboratory)
  • Continue research on the deep-ocean sequestration of fossil-fuel CO2 to examine options for meeting the Kyoto Protocols to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Continue efforts to find new ways to integrate data on ocean circulation and carbon dioxide concentrations into global models and devise new means to test these models.

Next: Benthic biology and ecology

Last updated: 07 October 2004