MB-System Unix Manual Page

mbotps

Section: MB-System 5.0 (1)
Updated: 12 July 2014
Index
 

NAME

mbotps - Predicts tides using the OSU Tidal Prediction Software (OTPS) distribution.

 

VERSION

Version 5.0

 

SYNOPSIS

mbotps [-Atideformat -Byear/month/day/hour/minute/second -Dinterval -Eyear/month/day/hour/minute/second -Fformat -Idatalist.mb-1 -M -Ooutput -Potps_location -Rlon/lat -V]

 

DESCRIPTION

MBotps is a utility that predicts tides using the OTPS (OSU Tidal Prediction Software) package that can be downloaded at:
    http://www.coas.oregonstate.edu/research/po/research/tide/ The OTPS utilities are operated in a batch mode using command files with a fairly arcane format. MBotps provides a command line interface that allows MB-System users to easily obtain tide models for specified locations and times. MBotps is built during a normal installation of MB-System, but will work only if the OTPS package has been installed separately and the OTPS location has been specified. See the INSTALL file in the MB-System top directory for guidance on the build process.

There are actually three variants of the OTPS package available for download and installation: OTPS, OTPSnc, and OTPS2. The three versions use different tide model formats, but otherwise are used in the same way. OTPS uses tide models stored in a native binary format, OTPSnc uses tide models in a netCDF format, and OTPS2 uses hybrid tide models combining a low resolution global model with higher resolution representation of many coastal regions.

The local OTPSnc installation can include more than one tidal model; several global and local models are available from the Oregon State tide group. By default, mbotps attempts to use a global tide model named tpxo7.2. Users can use the -Tmodel option to specify the desired model. If no model is specified, and tpxo7.2 is not available, then mbotps will use the first valid model found. It is the user's responsibility to ensure that the positions of requested tide values lie within the specified tide model's domain.

The OTPSnc models generally take the form of four files, all of which should be placed in a directory named "DATA" in the OTPSnc installation. For a model named ES2008, the files are:
    Model_ES2008
    gridES2008.nc
    hf.ES2008.nc
    uv.ES2008.nc
Here the first file is a text file that references the other three; for mbotps the model name consists of the text that follows "Model_" in the first file's name. Most of the models one can obtain from the OSU tide group are intended to be used by running the OTPSnc program predict_tide from the OTPSnc installation directory, and thus reference the data files using relative paths. For example, the original contents of Model_ES2008 are:
    DATA/gridES2008.nc
    DATA/hf.ES2008.nc
    DATA/uv.ES2008.nc
In order for the OTPSnc to work when called by mbotps, the model data file paths must be global rather than relative. If the OTPSnc package has been installed in /usr/local/OTPSnc, then the model file Model_ES2008 should be edited to have the following contents:
    /usr/local/OTPSnc/DATA/gridES2008.nc
    /usr/local/OTPSnc/DATA/DATA/hf.ES2008.nc
    /usr/local/OTPSnc/DATA/DATA/uv.ES2008.nc

MBotps can be operated in two modes. First, users may use the -R, -B, and -E options to specify a location and the beginning and end times of a tidal model for that location. The -D option sets the time interval of values in the output tidal model, and the -O option sets the output tidal model filename.

Alternatively, instead of specifying a place and time range, the user may specify one or more swath data files using the -I option. A tidal model is produced for each swath file in which tidal values are calculated using the sonar navigation locations at intervals specified with the -D option, and if the -M option is specified, the swath file's processing parameter file is modified so that mbprocess applies the tidal model during processing.

 

AUTHORSHIP

David W. Caress (caress@mbari.org)

  Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Dale N. Chayes (dale@ldeo.columbia.edu)

  Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

 

OPTIONS

-A
tideformat
This option sets the tide format of the output text tide model files. If tideformat = 2 (the default), the tide is output in this format:

        year month day hour minute second tide

where the tide value is in meters. If tideformat = 1, then the output format is:

        time_d tide

where time_d is in seconds since January 1, 1970 and tide is in meters.
-B
yr/mo/da/hr/mn/sc
This option sets the starting time for for the output tidal model.
-D
interval
This option sets the time interval between tidal model values in seconds. Default: 60 seconds.
-E
yr/mo/da/hr/mn/sc
This option sets the ending time for the output tidal model
-F
format
Sets the data format of the input swath data file specified with the -I option. If format < 0, then the input file specified with the -I option will actually contain a list of input swath sonar data files. This program uses the MBIO library and will read any swath sonar format with timestamps supported by MBIO. A list of the swath sonar data formats currently supported by MBIO and their identifier values is given in the MBIO manual page. The default format is set using mbdefaults.
-H
This "help" flag cause the program to print out a description of its operation and then exit immediately.
-I
filename
Sets the input filename. If format > 0 (set with the -f option) then the swath sonar data contained in infile is read and processed. If format < 0, then infile is assumed to be an ascii file containing a list of the input swath sonar data files to be processed and their formats. The program will read the data in each one of these files. In the infile file, each data file should be followed by a data format identifier, e.g.:
        datafile1 11

        datafile2 24

This program uses the MBIO library and will read or write any swath sonar format supported by MBIO. A list of the swath sonar data formats currently supported by MBIO and their identifier values is given in the MBIO manual page. Default: infile = "stdin".
-M
If the -I option has been used so that tidal models are created for swath files, then this option causes each swath file's parameter file to be modified so that mbprocess will read and apply the ancilliary tidal model file created by mbotps.
-O
filename
Sets the filename of the tidal model output.
-P
otps_location
Sets the path to the local installation of OTPS, which in turn defines the location of the program predict_tide called by mbotps and the tide model to be used by predict_tide.
-R
longitude/latitude
Sets the longitude and latitude position at which the tidal model will be calculated.
-T
filename
Sets the name of the OTPSnc tidal model to be used. This model must be part of the local OTPSnc installation.
-V
Increases the verbosity of mbotps.

 

EXAMPLES

Suppose one wishes to obtain a tidal model for the location 121W 36N extending at 60 second intervals over the day February 21, 2009. The following will suffice:
        mbotps -R-125/36 -B2009/02/21/00/00/00 -E2009/02/21/23/59/59 -V


The shell output looks like:


        Program mbotps

        Version $Id: mbotps.1 2196 2014-07-14 05:52:06Z caress $

        MB-system Version 5.4.2137


        Checking for available OTPS tide models

        OTPS location: /usr/local/OTPSnc

        Valid OTPS tidal models:

             tpxo7.2

        Number of available OTPS tide models: 1


        Using OTPS tide model:            tpxo7.2


        Lat/Lon/Time file:tmp_mbotps_llt_10311.txt

        Predict OCEAN tide

        Interpolate minor constituents


        Model:        OTPSnc/DATA/Model_tpxo7.2

        Model is on grid uniform in lat,lon

        Lat limits:     -90.1250000       90.1250000

        Lon limits:     0.125000000       360.125000

        Constituents: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1  mf  mm  m4  ms4 mn4

        Predict elevations (m)

        Constituents to include: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1  mf  mm  m4  ms4 mn4

        Reading model... done

        Results are in tmp_mbotps_llttd_10311.txt


        Results are really in tide_model.txt

The output tidal model is in the file tide_model.txt, which includes data that look like:
        # Tide model generated by program mbotps

        # Version: $Id: mbotps.1 2196 2014-07-14 05:52:06Z caress $

        # MB-System Version: 5.4.2137

        # Tide model generated by program mbotps

        # which in turn calls OTPS program predict_tide obtained from:

        #     http://www.coas.oregonstate.edu/research/po/research/tide/

        #

        # OTPSnc tide model:

        #      tpxo7.2

        # Output format:

        #      year month day hour minute second tide

        # where tide is in meters

        # Run by user <caress> on cpu <deitz> at <Thu Aug 15 17:53:22 2013>

        # Model:        OTPSnc/DATA/Model_tpxo7.2

        # Constituents included: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1  mf  mm  m4  ms4 mn4

        2009 02 21 00 00 00   -0.6840

        2009 02 21 00 01 00   -0.6820

        2009 02 21 00 02 00   -0.6790

        2009 02 21 00 03 00   -0.6770

        2009 02 21 00 04 00   -0.6740

        2009 02 21 00 05 00   -0.6720

        2009 02 21 00 06 00   -0.6690

        2009 02 21 00 07 00   -0.6660

        2009 02 21 00 08 00   -0.6640

        2009 02 21 00 09 00   -0.6610

        2009 02 21 00 10 00   -0.6580

        2009 02 21 00 11 00   -0.6560

        2009 02 21 00 12 00   -0.6530

        2009 02 21 00 13 00   -0.6500

        .................

        2009 02 21 23 54 00   -0.7980

        2009 02 21 23 55 00   -0.7970

        2009 02 21 23 56 00   -0.7950

        2009 02 21 23 57 00   -0.7940

        2009 02 21 23 58 00   -0.7920

        2009 02 21 23 59 00   -0.7900


Now, suppose that one wants to apply tide corrections directly to a set of EM3002 data in GSF format. First, execute mbotps with the datalist for the swath data specified as input:
        mbotps -Idatalist.mb-1 -V

The resulting shell output looks like:

        Program mbotps

        Version $Id: mbotps.1 2196 2014-07-14 05:52:06Z caress $

        MB-system Version 5.4.2137


        Checking for available OTPS tide models

        OTPS location: /usr/local/OTPSnc

        Valid OTPS tidal models:

             tpxo7.2

        Number of available OTPS tide models: 1


        Using OTPS tide model:            tpxo7.2


        ---------------------------------------


        Processing tides for himbb05291.d23.mb121


        35602 records read from himbb05291.d23.mb121.fnv


         Lat/Lon/Time file:tmp_mbotps_llt_7413.txt

         Constituents to include: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1

         Predict OCEAN tide

         Interpolate minor constituents


         Model:        ss/sandbox/tides/OTPSnc/DATA/Model_tpxo7.2

         Model is on grid uniform in lat,lon

         Lat limits:    -90.125 90.125

         Lon limits:    0.125 360.125

         Constituents: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1  mf  mm  m4  ms4 mn4

         Predict elevations (m)

         Constituents to include: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1

         Reading model... done

         Results are in tmp_mbotps_llttd_7413.txt


        Results are really in himbb05291.d23.mb121.tde


The output tide files have the same structure shown above:
        # Tide model generated by program mbotps

        # Version: $Id: mbotps.1 2196 2014-07-14 05:52:06Z caress $

        # MB-System Version: 5.4.2137

        # Tide model generated by program mbotps

        # which in turn calls OTPS program predict_tide obtained from:

        #     http://www.coas.oregonstate.edu/research/po/research/tide/

        #

        # OTPSnc tide model:

        #      tpxo7.2

        # Output format:

        #      year month day hour minute second tide

        # where tide is in meters

        # Run by user <caress> on cpu <deitz> at <Thu Aug 15 17:53:22 2013>

        # Model:        OTPSnc/DATA/Model_tpxo7.2

        # Constituents included: m2  s2  n2  k2  k1  o1  p1  q1  mf  mm  m4  ms4 mn4

        2005 10 18 19 01 36    0.0800

        2005 10 18 19 02 36    0.0790

        2005 10 18 19 03 36    0.0770

        2005 10 18 19 04 36    0.0760

        2005 10 18 19 05 37    0.0750

        2005 10 18 19 06 37    0.0730

        2005 10 18 19 07 37    0.0720

        2005 10 18 19 08 37    0.0710

        2005 10 18 19 09 37    0.0700

In addition to generating *.tde files for each swath file referenced by the input datalist structure, mbotps modifies the parameter file associated with each swath file (creating it if necessary) so that tide correction is enabled using the *.tde file and tide format 2. When mbprocess is run on the same datalist, the files will be reprocessed, and the processing will include the application of the tide correction to all bathymetry.

 

SEE ALSO

mbsystem(1), mbprocess, mbset

 

BUGS

Installing the Fortran90 OTPSnc package from Oregon State is not particularly easy.


 

Index

NAME
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHORSHIP
OPTIONS
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
BUGS


Last Updated: 12 July 2014


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