Revealing the secrets of Sur Ridge
WARNING: This video may potentially trigger photosensitivity reactions. Viewer discretion is advised.
Data collected by MBARI’s mapping team has helped bring Sur Ridge to life. This animation combines data from ship-based multibeam sonar at 25 meters (82 feet) in resolution, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) multibeam mapping data at one meter (about three feet) in resolution, and remotely operated vehicle (ROV) mapping lidar data at five centimeters (two inches) in resolution. MBARI scientists worked with Los Angeles film production company Frame 48 to visualize the terrain of Sur Ridge in astonishing detail. Learn more.
About Sur Ridge
Many mysteries persist in the ocean’s depths, but MBARI’s pioneering technology is revealing secrets in these midnight waters. Using a suite of mapping instruments, MBARI is shedding new light on Sur Ridge, a large underwater geologic feature located about 60 kilometers (37 miles) from Monterey and 30 kilometers (19 miles) off Point Sur. This rocky ridge rises 500 meters (1,640 feet) above the seafloor and is a hotspot for marine life.
In December 2013, researchers from MBARI and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) embarked on a six-day research cruise to document life on the floor of Monterey Canyon. The team found themselves ahead of schedule and opted to venture further down the coast to survey Sur Ridge, an area of the seafloor largely unstudied at the time. As MBARI’s remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Doc Ricketts approached, its cameras revealed lush gardens of corals and sponges atop the rugged ridge.
Subsequent trips have allowed MBARI researchers to deploy a variety of tools to better our understanding of Sur Ridge. This site is relatively close to shore and serves as a model for studying deep-water seamount ecosystems. Thousands of seamounts arise from the floor of the Pacific Ocean, but most are poorly studied.
Sur Ridge bears many similarities to Davidson Seamount located to the southwest. While smaller in size and closer to shore, Sur Ridge is home to many of the same species, like enormous, knobby corals and vase-like sponges. Both Sur Ridge and Davidson Seamount are oases of life compared to the flat, muddy plains surrounding them, and both are vulnerable to impacts from humans, including fishing pressure and climate change.
Over the last two decades, Sur Ridge and Davidson Seamount have been regular targets of MBARI expeditions, often in close collaboration with scientists from the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. MBARI’s research proved instrumental in raising public awareness of the thriving, yet fragile, coral communities on Davidson Seamount. Thanks to public support, in 2008 the sanctuary’s boundaries were expanded to protect Davidson Seamount. Sur Ridge is already protected by the sanctuary, but by visualizing its grandeur in great detail, we hope to inspire a new generation of ocean stewards to explore—and protect—other treasures still waiting to be found in the deep sea.
Quick facts about Sur Ridge
- Sur Ridge is over 20 kilometers (12 miles) long.
- At its widest point, Sur Ridge is about four kilometers (2.5 miles) across.
- Sur Ridge has peaks and valleys, but stands 500 meters (1,640 feet) tall.
- More than 260 species of fishes and invertebrates have been found on and above Sur Ridge.
Where is Sur Ridge?
Sur Ridge is 30 kilometers (19 miles) west of Point Sur. This rocky ridge is about 60 kilometers (37 miles) from Monterey.
How deep is Sur Ridge?
With its jagged topography, Sur Ridge’s rocky peaks are located 800 to 1,300 meters (2,600 to 4,300 feet) beneath the ocean’s surface.
How big is Sur Ridge?
Sur Ridge is over 20 kilometers (12 miles) long and four kilometers (2.5 miles) wide. It’s roughly the same size as Manhattan.
How tall is Sur Ridge?
Sur Ridge rises 500 meters (1,640 feet) above the seafloor. Because Sur Ridge is nestled on the continental slope, measuring its height relative to the surrounding seafloor can be misleading—the ridge has a larger relative height on its downslope side—so MBARI typically measures the depths of the ridge’s four peaks instead. Sur Ridge’s highest point is the central peak and is 788 meters (2,585 feet) deep. The southernmost peak is 795 meters (2,608 feet) deep, while Sur Ridge’s two northern peaks are 825 meters (2,707 feet) and 857 meters (2,812 feet) deep.
Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) use numerous narrow beams of sound to map wide swaths of the seafloor.
Remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) outfitted with MBARI’s groundbreaking Low-Altitude Survey System (LASS) use sound, light, and stereo photography to map the seafloor in incredible detail.