Expedition goal: Study and understand ecological processes and ecosystem functions of the deep-sea corals and sponges at Sur Ridge

Expedition dates: July 12- 16, 2018

Ship: R/V Western Flyer

Research technology:  ROV Doc Ricketts, Benthic respirometer systemDeep particle image velocimetry (DeepPIV)

Expedition chief scientist: Jim Barry

The overarching goal of this expedition is to study and understand ecological processes and ecosystem functions of the deep-sea corals and sponges at Sur Ridge. Deep-sea corals and sponges are foundation species, meaning they create the 3D habitat for other animals in the community and may affect the surrounding water.


Expedition Details 

We have four major objectives during our trip to Sur Ridge:

  1. Measure metabolic rates of deep corals at Sur Ridge using the Benthic Respirometer System.
  2. Measured metabolic rates of deep-sea sponges in situ at Sur Ridge using DeepPIV and an optical oxygen sensor.
  3. Revisit coral pieces that had been cut and transplanted elsewhere to study the potential for deep-sea coral restoration.
  4. Study current direction and speed, predation, and other ecological interactions to understand what affects the survival of the corals and sponges.


Post-cruise follow-up
Amanda Kahn and Charlie Boch

What new questions came from this expedition?

There is still so much that we don’t know about what the corals and sponges need to thrive at Sur Ridge. We observed some reproductive corals (they had eggs within their tissues) and would like to know the cues that trigger corals to release gametes into the water. We would also like to know why some regions have more sponges while others have more corals. Maybe it is due to the surface they are growing on or water flow conditions- we do not know.

What’s next? How are you processing data?

Some experiments, like the coral transplants and our observations of ecological interactions, will require repeat visits to Sur Ridge on later cruises. We will also carefully analyze photos we took of the corals this time to understand how many polyps there were, whether they were reproductive, and to take various measurements of their dimensions. Several sponges we collected during the cruise need to be identified to species, which will involve work under the microscope. There is also plenty of data from the instruments we used (Benthic Respirometer System, DeepPIV, oxygen sensor, acoustic doppler current profilers , and a conductivity, temperature and depth sensor) to keep us busy.


Expedition Logs

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Jong Kuk Hong (Korean Polar Research Institute), Young Keun Jin (Korean Polar Research Institute), Tae Siek Rhee (Korean Polar Research Institute), Scott Dallimore (Geological Survey of Canada). Mathieu Duchesne (Geological Survey of Canada)