The raw sonar and navigation data must be processed before maps can be made
The multibeam processing package MB-System is used extensively for planning the surveys, and for correcting roll and pitch biases, editing the sonar data, and adjusting the navigation data, post-survey.
After the AUV mission, the multibeam processing package MB-system processes the various sonar instruments' data. Processing the data involves correcting for pitch and roll errors, navigation adjustment, and editing erroneous soundings from bathymetry data. 1
It is important to adjust for navigation since the AUV accumulates many errors when using the inertial navigation system data. For a 17.5 hour mission, the upper limit on navigation error is 44 meters with a standard deviation of 10 to 20 meter errors. The MBnavadjust tool can correct navigation errors by correlating overlapping seafloor features. 1
The sidescan data is processed by using the multibeam bathymetry instead of using a flat surface. The subbottom profiler data can be processed using MB-System. Various data products from the sensors can be used to produce grids, mosaics, and maps. 1
|Surveys are planned with MB-System's package "Mbgrdviz". Altitude off the bottom, line spacing, and crossings can all be specified. Missions are typically composed of a sequence of straight lines that connect at waypoints. Missions are downloaded to the vehicle over a radio link before the dive. Waypoints can also be sent to the ship's bridge.|
Roll and pitch bias correction
The vehicle's roll and pitch are logged and can be accounted for in post-processing.
|Sonar data are edited with MB-System's package "mbedit". All the beams within each ping of the swath are displayed for editing. Bad beams can be flagged so that they will not be considered during further processing.|
Programmed into the deployment's track are several crossings so that drift during the dive can be corrected later. MB-System's utility "Mbnavadjust" is used to match features in overlapping swaths and adjust the navigation.
>> More about the vehicle navigation
Screen grabs of Mbnavadjust showing procedure to obtain best fit of overlapping swaths.
© MBARI 2005