David A. Clague


Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

7700 Sandholdt Road

Moss Landing, CA 95039

Phone: (831) 775-1781


Dave’s research interests are nearly all related to the formation and degradation of oceanic volcanoes, particularly Hawaiian volcanoes, mid-ocean ridges, and isolated seamounts. Topics of interest include: compositions of mantle sources for basaltic magmas and conditions of melting; development and evolution of magma chambers beneath spreading centers and Hawaiian volcanoes; volatile and rare-gas components in basaltic magmas and their degassing history; chronostratigraphic studies of eruption sequence and evolution of lava chemistry during volcano growth; subsidence of ocean volcanoes and its related crustal flexure, plate deformation, and magmatic activity; formation of cumulate xenoliths during different stages of Hawaiian volcanism; transport of volcaniclastic sediment on submarine slopes of volcanoes; geologic setting of hydrothermal activity; origin of isolated seamounts; monitoring of magmatic, tectonic, and hydrothermal activity at submarine and subaerial volcanoes; emplacement dynamics of subaerial and submarine lava flows; slope instability on volcanoes.

Submarine Volcanism  | Curriculum Vitae |  Our Cruise Logs  |  Seafloor Mapping AUV

In MBARI news

MBARI’s seafloor maps provide new information about 2015 eruption at Axial Seamount

Dec 15, 2016 - Axial Seamount, a large underwater volcano off of the Oregon coast, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, having last erupted in 2015. At the Fall 2016 meeting of the American Geophysical Union, MBARI researchers unveiled a new seafloor map that reveals previously undocumented lava flows from the 2015 eruption.
Recent publications
Clague, D., Marsaglia, K.M., Cousens, B.L., Paduan, J.B., (2018). Oligocene and Miocene volcanics in the sedimentary forearc of the Outer California Borderland. Society for Sedimentary Geology, 110: . 10.2110/sepmsp.110.04
Clague, D., Paduan, J., Dreyer, B., Chadwick Jr., W.W., Rubin, K., Perfit, M.R., Fundis, A.T., (2018). Chemical variations in the 1998, 2011, and 2015 lava flows from axial seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge: Cooling during ascent, lateral transport, and flow. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 19: .
Clague, D.A., Caress, D.W., Dreyer, B.M., Lundsten, L., Paduan, J.B., Portner, R.A., Spelz-Madero, R., Bowles, J.A., Castillo, P.R., Guardado-France, R., Le Saout, M., Martin, J.F., Santa Rosa-del Rio, M.A., Zierenber, R.A., (2018). Geology of the Alarcon Rise, Southern Gulf of California. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 19: 807-837.
Jones, M.R., Soule, S.A., Gonnermann, H.M., Le Roux, V., Clague, D.A., (2018). Magma ascent and lava flow emplacement rates during the 2011 Axial Seamount eruption based on CO2 degassing. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 494: 32-41.
Clague, D.A., Paduan, J.B., Caress, D.W., Chadwick Jr., W.W., Le Saout, M., Dreyer, B., Portner, R.A., (2017). High-resolution AUV mapping and targeted ROV observations of three historical lava flows at Axial Seamount. Oceanography, 30: 82-99.
Conrad, Tracey, Hein, James R., Paytan, Adina, Clague, David A., (2017). Formation of Fe-Mn crusts within a continental margin environment. Ore Geology Reviews, 87: 25-40.
Goffredi, S. K., Johnson, S. B., Tunnicliffe, V., Caress, D., Clague, D., Escobar, E., Lundsten, L., Paduan, J. B., Rouse, G., Salcedo, D. L., Soto, L. A., Spelz-Madero, R., Zierenberg, R., Vrijenhoek, R., (2017). Hydrothermal vent fields discovered in the southern Gulf of California clarify role of habitat in augmenting regional diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284: .
Sanborn, Kelsey L., Webster, Jody M., Yokoyama, Yusuke, Dutton, Andrea, Braga, Juan C., Clague, David A., Paduan, Jennifer B., Wagner, Daniel, Rooney, John J., Hansen, John R., (2017). New evidence of Hawaiian coral reef drowning in response to meltwater pulse-1A. Quaternary Science Reviews, 175: 60-72.
Chadwick, W. W., Paduan, J. B., Clague, D. A., Dreyer, B. M., Merle, S. G., Bobbitt, A. M., Caress, D. W., Philip, B. T., Kelley, D. S., Nooner, S. L., (2016). Voluminous eruption from a zoned magma body after an increase in supply rate at Axial Seamount. Geophysical Research Letters, 43: 12063–12070 .
Clague, David A., Frey, Frederick A., Garcia, Michael O., Huang, Shichun, McWilliams, Michael, Beeson, Melvin H., (2016). Compositional heterogeneity of the Sugarloaf melilite nephelinite flow, Honolulu Volcanics, Hawai‘i. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 185: 251-277.
Coumans, Jason P., Stix, John, Clague, David A., Minarik, William G., Layne, Graham D., (2016). Melt-rock interaction near the Moho: Evidence from crystal cargo in lavas from near-ridge seamounts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 191: 139-164.
Gao, Ruohan, Lassiter, J.C., Barnes, J.D., Clague, D.A., Bohrson, W. A., (2016). Geochemical investigation of Gabbroic Xenoliths from Hualalai Volcano: Implications for lower oceanic crust accretion and Hualalai Volcano magma storage system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 442: 162-172.
Gill, J., Michael, P., Woodcock, J., Dreyer, B., Ramos, F., Clague, D., Kela, J., Scott, S., Konrad, K., Stakes, D., (2016). Spatial and temporal scale of mantle enrichment at the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Journal of Petrology, 57: 863-896.
Paduan, J.B., Clague, D.A., Caress, D.W., Thomas, H., (2016). High-resolution AUV mapping and ROV sampling of mid-ocean ridges. Marine Technology Society / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Oceans Conference : .
Puga-Bernabéu, Ángel, Webster, Jody M., Braga, Juan C., Clague, David A., Dutton, Andrea, Eggins, Stephen, Fallon, Stewart, Jacobsen, Geraldine, Paduan, Jennifer B., Potts, Donald C., (2016). Morphology and evolution of drowned carbonate terraces during the last two interglacial cycles, off Hilo, NE Hawaii. Marine Geology, 371: 57-81.
Coumans, Jason P., Stix, John, Clague, David A., Minarik, William G., (2015). The magmatic architecture of Taney Seamount-A, NE Pacific Ocean. Journal of Petrology, 56: 1037-1067.
Cousens, B.L., Clague, D.A., (2015). Shield to rejuvenated stage volcanism on Kauai and Niihau, Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Petrology, 56: 1547-1584.
Helz, R.T., Clague, D.A., Mastin, L.G., Rose, T.R., (2015). Evidence for large compositional ranges in coeval melts erupted from Kilauea’s summit reservoir. Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, 208: 125-145.
Mah, Christopher, Linse, Katrin, Copley, Jon, Marsh, Leigh, Rogers, Alex, Clague, David, Foltz, David, (2015). Description of a new family, new genus, and two new species of deep-sea Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea), including the first known sea star from hydrothermal vent habitats. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 174: 93-113.
Portner, R.A., Clague, D.A., Helo, C., Dreyer, B.M., Paduan, J.B., (2015). Contrasting styles of deep-marine pyroclastic eruptions revealed from Axial Seamount push core records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 423: 219-231.
Clague, D.A., Dreyer, B.M., Paduan, J.B., Martin, J.F., Caress, D.W., Gill, J.B., Kelley, D.S., Thomas, H., Portner, R.A., Delaney, J.R., Guilderson, T.P., McGann, M.L., (2014). Eruptive and tectonic history of the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge, based on AUV mapping data and lava flow ages. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15: 3364-3391.
Clague, D.A., Sherrod, D.R., (2014). Growth and degradation of Hawaiian volcanoes. Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes : 97-146.
Helz, R.T., Clague, D.A., Mastin, L.G., Rose, T.R., (2014). Electron microprobe analyses of glasses from Kīlauea Tephra Units, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014-1090 : .
Helz, R.T., Clague, D.A., Sisson, T.W., Thornber, C.R., (2014). Petrologic insights into basaltic volcanism at historically active Hawaiian volcanoes. Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes : 237-283.
Jamieson, J.W., Clague, D.A., Hannington, M.D., (2014). Hydrothermal sulfide accumulation along the Endeavor Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 395: 136-148.
Portner, R.A., Clague, D.A., Paduan, J.B., (2014). Caldera formation and varied eruption styles on North Pacific seamounts: the clastic lithofacies record. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76: 845.
Sinton, J.M., Eason, D.E., Tardona, M., Pyle, D., van der Zander, I., Guillou, H., Clague, D.A., Mahoney, J.J., (2014). Ka'ena Volcano–A precursor volcano on the island of O'ahu, Hawai'i. Geological Society of America : .
Walz, K.R., Clague, D.A., Barry, J.P., Vrijenhoek, R.C., (2014). First records and range extensions for two Acesta clam species (Bivalvia: Limidae) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Biodiversity Records, 7: .
Xu, G., Huang, S., Frey, F.A., Blichert-Toft, J., Abouchami, W., Clague, D.A., Cousens, B., Moore, J.G., Beeson, M.H., (2014). The distribution of geochemical heterogeneities in the source of Hawaiian shield lavas as revealed by a transect across the strike of the Loa and Kea spatial trends: East Molokai to West Molokai to Penguin Bank. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 132: 214-237.
Yeo, I.A., Clague, D.A., Martin, J.F., Paduan, J.B., Caress, D.W., (2013). Pre-eruptive flow focussing in dikes feeding historic pillow ridges on the Juan de Fuca and Gorda Ridges. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14: 3586-3599.
Thompson, D., Caress, D., Clague, D., Conlin, D., Harvey, J., Martin, E., Paduan, J., Paull, C., Ryan, J., Thomas, H., Zhang, Y., (2013). MBARI Dorado AUV's scientific results. Proceedings of Marine Technology Society/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Oceans 2013 : .
Chadwick Jr., W.W., Clague, D.A., Embley, R.W., Perfit, M.R., Butterfield, D.A., Caress, D.W., Paduan, J.B., Martin, J.F., Sasnett, P., Merle, S.G., Bobbitt, A.M., (2013). The 1998 eruption of Axial Seamount: New insights on submarine lava flow emplacement from high-resolution mapping. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14: 3939-3968.
Clague, D., Dreyer, B.M., Paduan, J.B., Martin, J.F., Chadwick, W.W., Caress, D.W., Portner, R.A., Guilderson, T.P., McGann, M.L., Thomas, H., Butterfield, D.A., Embley, R.W., (2013). Geologic history of the summit of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14: 4403-4443.
Dreyer, B.M., Clague, D.A., Gill, J.B., (2013). Petrological variability of recent magmatism at the Axial Seamount summit, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14: 4306-4333.
Helo, C., Clague, D.A., Dingwell, D.B., Stix, J., (2013). High and highly variable cooling rates during pyroclastic eruptions on Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253: 54-64.
Jamieson, J.W., Hannington, M.D., Clague, D.A., Kelley, D.S., Delaney, J.R., Holden, J.F., Tivey, M.K., Kimpe, L.E., (2013). Sulfide geochronology along the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14: 2084-2099.