Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Peter Brewer - Publications

2014

Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E.T., Walz, P.M., Coward, E.K., Laura A. Stern, L.A., Kirby, S.H., Pinkston, J. (2014) Deep Sea Field Test of the CH4 Hydrate to CO2 Hydrate Spontaneous Conversion Hypothesis. Energy & Fuels, In Press.

Brewer, P.G. (2014) News & Views: Arctic Shelf Methane Alarms. Nature Geosciences, 7, 6-7.

Brewer, P.G. and A.F. Hofmann (2014) A plea for temperature in descriptions of the oceanic oxygen status. Oceanography, 27, 160-167.

Brewer, P.G. and A.F. Hofmann (2014) Evaluating microbial chemical choices: the ocean chemistry basis for the competition between use of O2 or NO3 as an electron acceptor. Deep-Sea Research I, 87, 35-42 doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.02.002.

William J. Kirkwood, Peter M. Walz, Edward T. Peltzer, James P. Barry, Robert A. Herlien, Kent L. Headley, Chad Kecy, George I. Matsumoto, Thom Maughan, Thomas C. O'Reilly, Karen A. Salamy, Farley Shane, Peter G. Brewer (2014) Design, Construction, Operation and Performance of a Deep-Sea Free Ocean CO2 Enrichment (FOCE) Experimental System. Deep-Sea Research. In Press.

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., R. Cai, E.S. Poloczanska, P.G. Brewer, S. Sundby, K. Hilmi, V.J. Fabry, and S. Jung, 2014: The Ocean. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1655-1731.

James P. Barry , Chris Lovera , Kurt R. Buck , Edward T. Peltzer , Josi R. Taylor , Peter Walz , Patrick J. Whaling , and Peter G. Brewer (2014) Use of a Free Ocean CO2 Enrichment (FOCE) System to Evaluate the Effects of Ocean Acidification on the Foraging Behavior of a Deep-Sea Urchin. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2014, 48 (16), pp 9890–9897 DOI: 10.1021/es501603r.


2013

Brewer, P.G. (2013) Research Focus: A different ocean acidification hazard – the Kolumbo submarine volcano example. Geology, doi:10.1130/focus092013.1.

Brewer, P.G. (2013) A short history of ocean acidification science in the 20th century: A chemist's view. Biogeosciences, doi:10.5194/bgd-10-1-2013.

Hofmann, A.F., Peltzer, E.T., and Brewer, P.G. (2013) Kinetic bottlenecks to chemical exchange rates for deep-sea animals – Part 1: Oxygen. Biogeosciences, 9, 13817-13856, doi:10.5194/bgd-9-13817-2012 .

Hofmann, A.F., Peltzer, E.T., and Brewer, P.G. (2013) Kinetic bottlenecks to chemical exchange rates for deep-sea animals II: Carbon Dioxide. Biogeosciences, 9, 15787-15821,doi:10.5194/bgd-9-15787-2012.

Barry, J.P., K.R. Buck, C.Lovera, P.G. Brewer, B.A. Seibel, J.C. Drazen, M.N. Tamburri, P.J. Whaling, L. Kuhnz, E. Pane (2013) The response of abyssal organisms to low pH conditions during a series of CO2-release experiments simulating deep-sea carbon sequestration. Deep-Sea Res. II, 92, 249-260.

Hofmann, A.F., P.M. Walz, H. Thomas, E.T. Peltzer and P.G. Brewer (2013) High resolution topography-following mapping of ocean hypoxia using an autonomous underwater vehicle: the limits of the Santa Monica Basin "dead zone." J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00249.1.

W.J. Kirkwood and P.G. Brewer (2013) Deep Ocean In Situ Raman Spectroscopy (Ch. 20). In: "Subsea Optics and Imaging", J. Watson and A. Zielinski, Eds., Woodhead Publishing, ISBN: 978 0 85709 341 7 E-ISBN: 978 0 85709 352 3.


2012

Kline,D.I., L. Teneva, K. Schneider, T. Miard, A. Chai, M. Marker, K. Headley, B. Opdyke, M. Nash, M. Valetich, J. Caves, B. Russell, S. Connell, W. Kirkwood , P. Brewer, E. Peltzer, J. Silverman, K. Caldeira, R. Dunbar, J. Koseff, S. Monismith,  G. Mitchell, S. Dove, O. Hoegh-Guldberg (2012) A short-term in situ CO2 enrichment experiment on Heron Island (GBR).Sci. Rep. 2, 413; doi:10.1038/srep00413 (2012).

Zhang, X., W.J. Kirkwood, P.M. Walz, E.T. Peltzer, and P.G. Brewer (2012) A review of Advances in Deep-Ocean Raman Spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 66 (3), 237-249. doi: 10.1366/11-06539.

Klapp, S.A., F. Enzmann, P.M. Walz, T. Huthwelker, J. Tuckerman, J.-O. Schwarz, T. Pape, E. T. Pletzer, R. Mosko, D. Wangner, F. Marone, M. Kersten, G. Bohrmann, W.F. Kuhs, M. Stampanoni, and P. G. Brewer (2012) Microstructure characteristics during hydrate formation and dissociation revealed by X-ray tomographic microscopy. Geo-Mar. Lett., doi: 10.1007/s00367-012-0276-0.

Book Review:  “Ocean Acidification” Edited by J.-P. Gattuso and Lina Hansson, Oxford University Press, 2011. Limnol. Oceanogr. Bull.

2011

Zhang, X., Hester, K.C., Ussler, W., Walz, P.M., Peltzer, E.T., and Brewer, P.G. (2011) In situ Raman-based measurements of high dissolved methane concentrations in hydrate-rich ocean sediments. Geophys. Res. Lett.,doi:10.1029/2011GL047141.

Brewer, P.G., Ussler, W, Peltzer, E., Walz, P., Kirkwood W., and Hester, K.C. (2011) Accurate in situ observation of deep-sea sediment dissolved methane profiles in hydrate bearing provinces. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2011), Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, July 17-21, 2011.

Klapp, S.A., Murshed, M.M., Pape, T., Bohrman, G., Brewer, P.G., and Kuhs, W. (2011) Dual hydrate structures sI and sII at the Chapopote Knoll, southern Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2011), Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, July 17-21, 2011.

Hofmann, A.F., Peltzer, E.T., Walz, P.M., Brewer, P.G. (2011) Hypoxia by degrees: Establishing definitions for a changing ocean. Deep-Sea Res. I. 58, 1212-1226. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.09.004.

2010

Klapp, S.A., M.M. Murshed, T. Pape, H. Klein, G. Bohrmann, P.G. Brewer, and W.F. Kuhs (2010) Mixed gas hydrate structures at the Chapopote asphalt volcano, southern Gulf of Mexico. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.,  doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.09.001.

NRC, 2010, Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Methods to Support International Climate Agreements, National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 132 pp.

Ilyina, T., R.E. Zeebe, and P.G. Brewer (2010) Predicting an ocean increasingly transparent to sound at marine mammal frequencies. Nature Geosci., 3, 18-22, doi:10.1038/ngeo719.

Zhang, X., P. Walz, W.J. Kirkwood, K.C. Hester, W. Ussler, E.T. Peltzer, and P.G. Brewer (2010) Development and deployment of a deep-sea Raman probe for measurement of pore water geochemistry. Deep-Sea Res.1, 57, 297-306, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.004.

2009

Hester, K.C. E.T. Peltzer, P.M. Walz, R.M. Dunk, E.D. Sloan, and P.G. Brewer (2009) A natural hydrate dissolution experiment on complex multi-component hydrates on the sea floor. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 73, 6747-6756.

Brewer, P.G. (2009) Planetary boundaries: Consider all consequences. Nature Reports: Climate Change, 3, 117-118.

Brewer, P.G. and E.T. Peltzer (2009) Limits to marine life. Science, 324, 347-348.

Brewer, P.G. (2009) A changing ocean seen with clarity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 106, 12213-12214.

Zhang, X.; K. C. Hester, O. Mancillas, E. T. Peltzer, P.M. Walz, P. G. Brewer (2009) Geochemistry of chemical weapon breakdown products on the seafloor: 1,4-thioxane in sea water.  Environ. Sci. Technol., 43, 610-615.

Rehder, G., I. Leifer, P.G. Brewer, G. Friederich, and E.T. Peltzer (2009) Controls on methane bubble dissolution inside and outside the hydrate stability field from open field experiments and numerical modeling. Mar. Chem., 114, 19-30.

Hester, K.C. and P.G. Brewer (2009) Clathrate hydrates in nature. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci., 1, 303-327.

Brewer, P.G. (2009) The influence of David Keeling on oceanic CO2 measurements. In: Carbon Sequestration and its role in the global carbon cycle. AGU Geophysical Monograph 183, p. 37-48. B.J. McPherson and E.T. Sundquist, eds.

2008

Brewer, P.G. and J. P. Barry (2008) Rising Acidity in the Ocean :the Other CO2 Problem. Scientific American: Earth 3.0, 22-23.

Hester, K. C., E. T. Peltzer, W. J. Kirkwood, and P. G. Brewer (2008), Unanticipated consequences of ocean acidification: A noisier ocean at lower pH, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L19601, doi:10.1029/2008GL034913.

Kessler, J.D., W. S. Reeburgh, D.L. Valentine, F.S. Kinnaman, E.T. Pletzer, P.G. Brewer, J. Southon, and S.C. Tyler (2008) A survey of methane isotope abundance (14C, 13C, 2H) from five nearshore marine basins that reveals unusual radiocarbon levels in subsurface waters. J. Geophys. Res, 113, C12021, doi:1029/2008JC004822.

Brewer, P.G., N. Nakayama (2008) What lies beneath: A plea for complete information. Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 194-1399.

2007

Brewer, P.G. (2007) Evaluating a technological fix for climate. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 104, 9915-9916.

Brewer, P.G., The influence of David Keeling on oceanic CO2 measurements. In “Carbon Sequestration Science and Technology”, E.T. Sundquist and J. Brown, Eds., Am. Geophys. Union.183, 37-48.

K.C. Hester, R.M. Dunk, P.G. Walz, E.T. Peltzer, E.D. Sloan, and P.G. Brewer (2007) Direct Measurements of Multi-Component Hydrates on the Seafloor: Pathways to Growth. Fluid Phase Equil., 261, 396-406 .

Thistle, D., L. Sedlacek, K.R. Carman, J.W. Fleeger, P.G. Brewer, J.P. Barry (2007) Exposure to carbon dioxide-rich seawater is stressful for some deep-sea species: an in situ, behavioral study. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 340, 9-16.

K.C. Hester, R.M. Dunk , S.N. White, P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, E.D. Sloan (2007). Gas hydrate measurements at Hydrate Ridge using Raman spectroscopy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 71, 2947-2959.

Tsouris, C., P. Szymcek, P. Taboada-Serrano, S.D. McCallum. P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, E. Adams, A. Chow, W.K. Johnson, J. Summers (2007) Scaled-up injection of CO2-hydrate composite particles. Energy & Fuels, 21, 3300-3309.

Paull, C.K., W. Ussler, E.T. Peltzer, P.G. Brewer, R. Keaten, P.J. Mitts, J.W. Nealson, J. Greinert, J.-C. Herguera, M. E. Perez (2007) Authigenic carbon entombed in methane-soaked sediments from the northeastern transform margin of the Guayamas Basin, Gulf of California. Deep-Sea Res, II, 54, 1240-1267.

2006

Brewer, P. G., B. Chen, R. Warzinski, A. Baggeroer, E. T. Peltzer, R. M. Dunk, and P. Walz (2006), Three-dimensional acoustic monitoring and modeling of a deep-sea CO2 droplet cloud, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L23607, doi:10.1029/2006GL027181.

D. Thistle, L. Sedlacek, K. R. Carman, J. W. Fleeger, P. G. Brewer, and J. P. Barry (2006) Simulated sequestration of industrial carbon dioxide at a deep-sea site:  effects on harpacticoid-copepod species.  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 330, 151-158.

Hester, K.C., S.N. White, E.T. Peltzer, P.G. Brewer, and E.D. Sloan (2006) Raman spectroscopic measurements of synthetic gas hydrates in the ocean. Mar. Chem., 98, 304-314.

White, S.N., P.G. Brewer, and W.J. Kirkwood (2006) Raman instrumentation for deep-sea in situ geochemical analyses. Sea Technology, 17-24.

Alendal, G., P.M. Haugan, R. Gangsto, K. Caldeira, E. Adams, P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, G. Rehder, and T. Sato (2006) Comment on a recent paper by Zhang. Environ. Sci. Technol., 40, 3653-3654.

2005

White, S. N., R. M. Dunk, E. T. Peltzer, J. J. Freeman, and P.G. Brewer (2005) In situ Raman analyses of deep-sea hydrothermal and cold seep systems (Gorda Ridge & Hydrate Ridge), Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 7, Q05023, doi: 10.1029/2005GC001204.

Caldeira, K., M. Akai, P. Brewer, B. Chen, P. Haugan, T. Iwama, P. Johnston, H. Kheshgi, Q. Li, T. Ohsumi, H. Poertner, C. Sabine, Y. Shirayama, and J. Thomson (2005) Ocean Storage. In: (B. Metz and O. Davidson, eds.) Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage: A Special Report of IPCC Working Group III, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK.

White, S.N.. Kirkwood, W., Sherman, A., Brown, M., Henthorn, R., Salamy, K., Walz, P., Peltzer, E.T., and Brewer, P.G. (2005). Development and deployment of a precision underwater positioning system for in situ laser Raman spectroscopy in the deep ocean. Deep-Sea Res. I, 52, 2376-2389.

Dunk, R.M., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2005) Seeing a Deep Ocean CO2 Enrichment Experiment in a New Light: Laser Raman Detection of Dissolved CO2 in Seawater. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 9630-9636.

Riestenberg, D., C. Tsouris, P. G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, A. Chow, E. Adams. (2005) Field Studies on the Formation of Sinking CO2 Particles for Ocean Carbon Sequestration: Effects of Injector Geometry on Particle Density and Dissolution Rate and Model Simulation of Plume Behavior. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 7287-7293.

Nakayama, N., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer. (2005) First results from a controlled deep-sea CO2 perturbation experiment: evidence for rapid equilibration of the oceanic CO2 system at depth. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09S11, doi:10.1029/2004JC002597.

Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, I. Aya, K. Yamane, R. Kojima, Y. Nakajima, N. Nakayama, P. Haugan, T. Johannessen. (2005) Deep Ocean Experiments with fossil fuel carbon dioxide: creation and sensing of a controlled plume at 4 km depth. J. Mar. Res., 63, 9-33.

White, S.N., P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer (2005) Determination of gas bubble fractionation rates in the deep ocean by laser Raman spectroscopy. Mar. Chem., 99, 12-23.

2004

Rehder, G., S.H. Kirby, W.B. Durham, L.A. Stern, E.T. Peltzer, J. Pinkston, and P.G. Brewer (2004) Dissolution rates of pure methane hydrate and carbon dioxide hydrate in under-saturated seawater at 1000m depth. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 68 (2), 285-292.

Brewer, P.G. (2004) Direct injection of CO2 in the ocean. In: “Toward CO2 Stabilization: Issues, Strategies, and Consequences” C. Field and M. R. Raupach, eds. Island Press. 469-478.

Caldeira, K., M. G. Morgan, D. Baldocchi, P. G. Brewer, C.-T. Chen, G.-J. Nabuurs, N. Nakicenovic, G.P. Robertson (2004) A portfolio of carbon management options. In: “Toward CO2 Stabilization: Issues, Strategies, and Consequences” C. Field and M.R. Raupach, eds. Island Press. 103-129.

Aya, Il, Kojima, R., Yamane, K., Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E.T. (2004) In situ experiments of cold CO2 release in mid-depth. Energy, 29 (9 - 10), 1499 - 1509.

Brewer, P.G., Malby, G., Pasteris, J.D., White, S.N., Peltzer, E.T., Wopenka, B., Freeman, J., Brown, M.O. (2004) Development of a laser Raman spectrometer for deep-ocean science. Deep-Sea Res. I, 51, 739-753.

Tsouris, C., Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E., Walz, P., Riestenberg, D., Liang, L., West, O.R. (2004) Hydrate composite particles for ocean carbon sequestration: field verification. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 2470-2475.

Pasteris, J.D., B. Wopenka, J.J. Freeman, P.G. Brewer, S.N. White, E.T. Peltzer, G. Malby. (2004) Spectroscopic successes and challenges: Raman spectroscopy at 3.6km depth in the ocean. Applied Spectroscopy, 58 (7), 195A - 208A.

Brewer, P.G., E.T Peltzer, I. Aya, P. Haugan, R. Bellerby, K. Yamane, R. Kojima, P. Walz, Y. Nakajima. (2004) Small scale field study of an ocean CO2 plume. J. Oceanogr. 60, 751-758.

Barry, J.P., K.R. Buck, C.F. Lovera, L. Kuhnz, P.J. Whaling, E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2004) Effects of direct ocean CO2 injection on deep-sea meiofauna. J. Oceanogr., 60, 759-766.

2003

Kleinberg, R.L., P.G. Brewer, G. Malby, E.T. Peltzer, G. Friederich, J. Yesinowski, and C. Flaum. Seafloor nuclear magnetic resonance assay of methane hydrate in sediment and rock. J. Geophys. Res., 108:B3, doi:10.1029/2001JB0000919 (2003).

"Deep Sea NMR: Methane Hydrate Growth Habit in Porous Media and its Relationship to Hydraulic Permeability, Deposit Accumulation, and Submarine Slope Stability", R.L. Kleinberg, C. Flaum, D.D. Griffin, P.G. Brewer, G.E. Malby, E.T. Peltzer, J.P. Yesinowski, Journal of Geophysical Research B, 108, B 10, doi:10.1029/2003JB002389 (2003).

Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, G. Rehder, R. Dunk, Advances in Deep-Ocean CO2 Sequestration Experiments. In: “Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies” pp. 1667-1670. J. Gale and Y. Kaya, Eds., Pergamon (2003).

Aya, I., R. Kojima, K. Yamane, P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer (2003) In situ experiments of cold CO2 release in mid-depth. In: “Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies” pp. 739-744. J. Gale and Y. Kaya, Eds., Pergamon.

Brewer, P.G., Direct Injection of Carbon Dioxide into the Oceans. In: “The Carbon Dioxide Dilemma: Promising Technologies and Policies.” National Academies Press, pp. 43-51 (2003).

Brewer, P.G. Foreword. In: “Ocean Biogeochemistry: A synthesis of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS)” pp. I – VIII. mso-fareast-font-family:"MS Mincho"">M.J. Fasham, ed., Springer (2003).

Barry, J.P., Seibel, B.A., Drazen, J.C., Tamburri, M.N., Buck, K.R., Lovera, C., Kuhnz, L., Peltzer, E.T., Osborn, K., Whaling, P.J., Walz, P., Brewer, P.G. (2003). Deep-Sea field experiments on the biological impacts of direct deep-sea CO2 injection. In: “Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration” U.S. Dept. of Energy.

2002

Brewer, P.G., C. Paull, E.T. Peltzer, W. Ussler, G. Rehder, and G. Friederich. Measurement of the fate of gas hydrates during transit through the ocean water column. Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 29, doi:10.1029/2002GL014727 (2002).

Rehder, G., P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, and G. Friederich. Enhanced lifetime of methane bubble streams within the deep ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(15), 10.1029/2001GL013966 (2002).

Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E.T., Friederich, G., and G. Rehder. Experimental determination of the fate of rising CO2 droplets in sea water. Environ. Sci. Technol. v.36, 5441-5446 (2002).

Peltzer, E.T., P.G. Brewer, R.M. Dunk, J. Erickson, G. Rehder, and P. Walz. Recent advances in deep-sea CO2 sequestration experiments. Preprints, ACS Fuel Chemistry Division (2002).

Brewer, P.G., J. Pasteris, G. Malby, E.T. Peltzer, S. White, J. Freeman, B. Wopenka, M. Brown, and D. Cline. Laser Raman spectroscopy at 3600m ocean depth. Eos, Trans. AGU, v. 83,469-470 (2002).

C.K. Paull, P.G. Brewer, W. Ussler III, E.T. Peltzer, G. Rehder, and D. Clague. An experiment demonstrating that marine slumping is a mechanism to transfer methane from seafloor gas-hydrate deposits into the upper ocean and atmosphere. Geo-Marine Lett., doi 10.1007/s00367-002-0113-y (2002).

Brewer, P.G.”International Priorities of the U.S. Ocean Sciences Community” U.S. Dept. of State Bureau of Oceans and International Scientific Affairs, Washington, D.C. Nov. 12, 2002.

2001

Kleinberg, R.L. and P.G. Brewer (2001) Probing gas hydrate deposits. Am. Sci., v. 89, 244-251.

Ocean Sciences at the New Millenium. (2001) P.G. Brewer and T. Moore, eds. University Corp. Atmos. Res., pp. 152.

2000

Brewer, P.G. Major International programs in Ocean Sciences: Ocean Chemistry. In "Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery: The National Science Foundation". Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, (2000).

Brewer, P.G., Chemical Oceanography. In: "Introduction to Earth Systems: Processes and Issues", 182-193. G. Ernst, ed., 566 pp. Cambridge Univ. Press. 2000.

Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, G. Friederich, I. Aya, and K. Yamane. (2000) Experiments on the ocean sequestration of fossil fuel CO2: pH measurements and hydrate formation. Marine Chemistry, v. 72, 83-93.

Tamburri, M., E.T. Peltzer, G. Friederich, I. Aya, K. Yamane, and P.G. Brewer. (2000) A field study of the effects of CO2 disposal on mobile deep-sea animals. Marine Chemistry v. 72, 95-101.

Brewer, P.G. (2000) Gas Hydrates and Global Climate Change. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Gas Hydrates. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 195-199.

Brewer, P.G. (2000). Contemplating Action: Storing carbon dioxide in the ocean. Roger Revelle Commemorative Lecture. Oceanography, v. 13, 84-92.

Peltzer, E.T., and P.G. Brewer (2000) Practical physical chemistry and empirical predictions of methane hydrate stability. In “Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments” M. Max, Ed., Kluwer, 17-28.

1999

Brewer, P.G., G. Friederich, E.T. Peltzer, and F.M. Orr, Jr. (1999) Direct Experiments on the Ocean Disposal of Fossil Fuel CO2. Science, v. 284, 943-945.

K.-U. Hinrichs, J.M. Hayes, S. P. Sylva, P.G. Brewer, and E.F. DeLong. (1999) Methane-consuming archaea – Molecular-isotopic and phylogenetic evidence. Nature, v. 398, 802-805.

Future of Gas Hydrate Research (1999) Sloan, E.D., P.G. Brewer, C.K. Paull, T.S. Collett, W.P. Dillon, W.S. Holbrook, and K.A. Kvenvolden. EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, v. 80, 247.

1998

Brewer, P.G., F. M. Orr, Jr., G. Friederich, K. A. Kvenvolden, and D.L. Orange. (1998) Gas hydrate formation in the deep sea: In situ experiments with controlled release of methane, natural gas and carbon dioxide. Energy and Fuels, v.12, 183-188.

1997

Brewer ,P.G., F.M. Orr, Jr., G. Friederich, K.A. Kvenvolden, D.L. Orange, J. McFarlane, and W. Kirkwood (1997). Deep ocean field test of methane hydrate formation. Geology, v. 25, 407-410.

Brewer, P.G., C. Goyet, and G. Friederich (1997) Direct observation of the ocean CO2 increase revisited. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, v. 94, 8308-8313.

Brewer, P.G., (1997) Ocean chemistry of the fossil fuel CO2 signal: the haline signature of "Business as usual." Geophysical Research Letters, v. 24, 1367-1369.

Brewer, P.G., Chair, Panel on Boundary Layer Dynamics. (1997) Boundary Layer Dynamics: NRL Strategic Series. Naval Studies Board, pp. 40. National Academy Press.

MEDEA. Ocean Dumping of Chemical Munitions: Environmental Effects in Arctic Seas. MEDEA Report. 1997.

1995

Brewer, P. G., D. M. Glover, C. Goyet, and D. K. Shafer (1995). pH of the North Atlantic Ocean: Improvements to the global model for sound absorption in sea water. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, 8761-8776.

Goyet, C., D. Davis, E. T. Peltzer, and P. G. Brewer (1995). Development of improved space sampling strategies for ocean chemical properties: Total carbon dioxide and dissolved nitrate. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 22, 945-948.

Friederich, G. E., Brewer, P. G., Herlien R., and F. P. Chavez (1995). Measurement of sea surface partial pressure of CO2 from a moored buoy. Deep-Sea Research, v. 42, 1175-1186.

1993

Peltzer, E. T. and P. G. Brewer (1993). Some practical aspects of measuring DOC - sampling artifacts and analytical problems with marine samples. Marine Chemistry, v. 41, 243-252.

Goyet, C., and P. G. Brewer (1993). Biochemical properties of the oceanic carbon cycle. In: Modeling Oceanic Climate Interactions, J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson, eds., Springer Verlag, p. 271-298.

1992

Goyet, C., D. R. Walt, and P. G. Brewer (1992). Development of a fiber optic sensor for measurement of pCO2 in sea water: design criteria and sea trials. Deep-Sea Research, v. 39, 1015-1026.

1991

Goyet, C., A. L. radshaw, and P. G. Brewer (1991). The carbonate system in the Black Sea. Deep-Sea Research, v. 38, 1049-1068.

1990

Brewer, P.G., S. Tsunogai and C.S. Wong (1990). Special Issue: Marine Geochemistry - Preface. Geochemical Journal, v. 24, 193-195.

1989

Brewer, P. G., C. Goyet, and D. Dyrssen (1989). Carbon dioxide transport by ocean currents at 25° N latitude in the Atlantic Ocean. Science, v. 246, 477-479.

1988

Bradshaw, A. L. and P. G. Brewer (1988). High precision measurements of alkalinity and total carbon dioxide in sea water by potentiometric titration.1. Presence of unknown protolytes(s)? Marine Chemistry, v. 23, 69-86.

Brewer, P. G. and F. S. Rowland (1988). Chemistry at the Air-Sea Interface. In: Proceedings CHEMRAWN IV. Modern Chemistry and Chemical Technology Applied to the Ocean and its Resources. Applied Geochemistry, v. 3, 37-48.

Bradshaw, A. L. and P. G. Brewer (1988). High precision measurements of alkalinity and total carbon dioxide in sea water by potentiometric titration. 2. Measurements on standard solutions. Marine Chemistry, v. 24, 155-162.

Glover, D. M. and P. G. Brewer (1988). Estimates of wintertime mixed layer nutrient concentrations in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, v. 35, 1525-1546.

1987

Scranton, M. I., F. L. Sayles, M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1987). Temporal changes in the hydrography and chemistry of the Cariaco Trench. Deep-Sea Research, v. 34, 945-963.

Brewer, P. G. and D. M. Glover (1987). Ocean Chemical Fluxes 1983-1986. Reviews of Geophysics, v. 25, 1376-1386.

1985

Brewer, P. G. and D. Dyrssen (1985). Chemical Oceanography of the Persian Gulf. Prog. Oceanog., v. 14, 41-55.

DeBaar, H. J. W., P. G. Brewer, and M. P. Bacon (1985). Anomalies in rare earth distributions in sea water: Gd and Tb. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 49, 1943-1959.

DeBaar, H. J. W., M. P. Bacon, P. G. Brewer, and K. W. Bruland (1985). Rare earth elements in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 49, 1961-1969.

Brewer, P. G., J. L. Sarmiento, and W. M. Smethie (1985). The Transient Tracers in the Ocean (TTO) Program: The North Atlantic Study, 1981; The Tropical Atlantic Study, 1983. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, 6903-6905.

1986

Brewer, P. G., A. L. Bradshaw, and R. T. Williams (1986). Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1981. In: The Global Carbon Cycle: Analysis of the Natural Cycle and Implications of Anthropogenic Alterations for the Next Century, D. Reichle, ed., Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 358-381.

Brewer, P. G., D. L. Musgrave, and A. L. Bradshaw (1986). Reconciling carbon and oxygen signals in the upper ocean. In: Workshop on Upper Ocean Processes, Horn Point, MD, R. Eppley and H. Ducklow, eds., GOFS Report Series, pp. 124-130.

Brewer, P. G. (1986). J. P. Riley. An Appreciation. Science of the Total Environment, v. 49, 7-9.

Brewer, P. G. (1986). What controls the variability of carbon dioxide in the surface ocean? A plea for complete information. In: Dynamic Processes in the Chemistry of the Upper Ocean, NATO ARI, Jouy-en-Jossas, 1983, J. D. Burton, P. G. Brewer, and R. Chesselet, eds., Plenum Press, New York, 215-281.

Brewer, P. G., K. W. Bruland, R. W. Eppley, and J. J. McCarthy (1986). The Global Ocean Flux Study (GOFS): Status of the U.S. GOFS program. Eos, 67, 827-832.

1983

Deuser, W. G., P. G. Brewer, T. D. Jickells, and R. F. Commeau (1983). Biological control of the removal of abiogenic particles from the surface ocean. Science, v. 219, 388-391.

DeBaar, H. J. W., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1983). Rare earth distributions with a positive cerium anomaly in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, v. 301, 324-327.

Anderson, R. F., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1983). Removal of 230Th and 231Pa from the open ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 62, 7-23.

Brewer, P. G. (1983). Carbon Dioxide and the Oceans. In: Changing Climate. Report of the Carbon Dioxide Assessment Committee, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp. 186-215.

Anderson, R. F., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1983). Removal of 230Th and 231Pa at ocean margins. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 66, 73-90.

Brewer, P. G., W. S. Broecker, W. J. Jenkins, P. B. Rhines, C. G. Rooth, J. M. Swift, and T. Takahashi (1983). A climatic freshening of the deep North Atlantic (north of 50° N) over the past 20 years. Science, v. 222, 1237-1239.

1982

Anderson, R. F., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1982). Elevated concentrations of actinides in Mono Lake. Science, v. 216, 514-516.

1981

Balistrieri, L., P. G. Brewer, and J. W. Murray (1981). Scavenging residence times of trace metals and surface chemistry of sinking particles in the deep ocean. Deep-Sea Research, v. 28A, 101-121.

Spencer, D. W., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1981). Models of the distribution of 210Pb in a section across the north equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Marine Research, v. 39, 119-138.

1980

Goldman, J. C. and P. G. Brewer (1980). Effect of nitrogen source and growth rate on phytoplankton-mediated changes in alkalinity. Limnology and Oceanography, v. 25(2), 352-357.

Brewer, P. G., Y. Nozaki, D. W. Spencer, and A. P. Fleer (1980). Sediment trap experiments in the deep North Atlantic: isotopic and elemental fluxes. Journal of Marine Research, v. 38(4), 703-728.

Bacon, M. P., P. G. Brewer, D. W. Spencer, and J. W. Murray (1980). Lead-210, Polonium-210, manganese and iron in the Cariaco Trench. Deep-Sea Research, v. 27A, 119-135.

Bradshaw, A. L., P. G. Brewer, D. K. Shafer, and R. T. Williams (1980). Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity by potentiometric titration in the GEOSECS program. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 55, 99-115.

Spencer, D. W., M. P. Bacon, and P. G. Brewer (1980). The distribution of 210Pb and 210Po in the North Sea. Thal. Jugoslavica, v. 16, 125-154.

1978

Scranton, M. I. and P. G. Brewer (1978). Consumption of dissolved methane in the deep ocean. Limnology and Oceanography, v. 23, 1207-1213.

Bacon, M. P., D. W. Spencer, and P. G. Brewer (1978). Lead-210 and Polonium-210 as marine geochemical tracers: Review and discussion of some recent results from the Labrador Sea. In: Proceedings Conference on the National Radiation Environment III, T. F. Gesell and W. F. Lowder, eds., US DoE Report CONF-780422, 1, 473-501.

Brewer, P. G. (1978). Direct observation of the oceanic CO2 increase. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 5, 997-1000.

1977

Murray, J. W. and P. G. Brewer (1977). The mechanisms of removal of iron, manganese and other trace metals from seawater. In: Marine Manganese Deposits, G. P. Glasby, ed., Elsevier, Holland, pp. 291- 325.

Scranton, M. I. and P. G. Brewer (1977). Occurrence of methane in the near-surface waters of the western subtropical North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, v. 24, 127-138.

Wong, G. T. F. and P. G. Brewer (1977). The marine chemistry of iodine in anoxic basins. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 41, 151-159.

Brewer, P. G. and W. M. Hao (1977). Oceanic elemental scavenging. In: Chemical Modelling in Aqueous Systems, E. Jenne, ed., ACS Symposium Series, No. 93, pp. 266-274.

Spencer, D. W., P. G. Brewer, A. Fleer, S. Honjo, S. Krishnaswami, and Y. Nozaki (1977). Chemical fluxes from a sediment trap experiment in the deep Sargasso Sea. Journal of Marine Research, 36, 493-523.

1976

Wong, G. T. F. and P. G. Brewer (1976). The determination of iodide in seawater by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 81, 81-90.

Millero, F. J., A. Gonzalez, P. G. Brewer, and A. Bradshaw (1976). The density of North Atlantic and North Pacific deep waters. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 32, 468-472.

Brewer, P. G. and J. C. Goldman (1976). Alkalinity changes generated by phytoplankton growth. Limnology and Oceanography, v. 21, 108-117.

Brewer, P. G., D. W. Spencer, P. E. Biscaye, A. Hanley, P. L. Sachs, C. L. Smith, S. Kadar, and J. Fredericks (1976). The distribution of particulate matter in the Atlantic Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 32, 393-402.

Bacon, M. P., D. W. Spencer, and P. G. Brewer (1976). 210Pb/226Ra and 210Po/210Pb disequilibria in seawater and suspended particulate matter. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 32, 277-296.

Wong, G. T. F., P. G. Brewer, and D. W. Spencer (1976). The distribution of particulate iodine in the Atlantic Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 32, 441-450.

1975

Brewer,P. G. (1975). Minor elements in seawater. In: Chemical Oceanography, Volume I, Second Edition, J. P. Riley and G. Skirrow, eds., Academic Press, pp. 415-496.

Brewer, P. G. and A. Bradshaw (1975). The effect of non- ideal composition of seawater on salinity and density. Journal of Marine Research, v. 33, 157- 175.

Brewer, P. G., G. T. F. Wong, M. P. Bacon, and D. W. Spencer (1975). An oceanic calcium problem? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 26, 81-87.

Brewer, P. G. and D. W. Spencer (1975). Minor element models in coastal waters. In: Marine Chemistry in the Coastal Environment, T. M. Church, ed., ACS Symposium Series, 18, 80-96.

1974

Wong, G. T. F. and P. G. Brewer (1974). The determination and distribution of iodate in South Atlantic waters. Journal of Marine Research, v. 32, 25-36.

Brewer, P. G. and D. W. Spencer (1974). The distribution and flux of some trace elements between dissolved and particulate phases in the Black Sea. In: The Black Sea: Its Geology, Chemistry and Biology, E. T. Degens and D. A. Ross, eds., Mem. 20, Am. Assn. Petrol. Geol., pp. 137-143.

Brewer, P. G., et al. (1974). Interlaboratory lead analyses of standardized samples of seawater. Marine Chemistry, v. 2, 69- 84.

Brewer, P. G., R. A. Horne, and T. R. S. Wilson (1974). Water constituent sensors. In: Geoscience Instrumentation, E. A. Wolff, ed., Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 530-544.

1973

Brewer, P. G. and J. W. Murray (1973). Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the Black Sea. Deep-Sea Research, v. 20, 803-818.

1972

Brewer, P. G., D. W. Spencer, and D. E. Robertson (1972). Trace element profiles from the GEOSECS II test station in the Sargasso Sea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 16, 111-116.

Spencer, D. W., P. G. Brewer, and P. L. Sachs (1972). Aspects of the distribution and trace element composition of suspended matter in the Black Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 36, 71-86.

1971

Brewer, P. G., T. R. S. Wilson, J. W. Murray, R. G. Munns, and C. D. Densmore, (1971). Hydrographic observations on the Red Sea brines indicate a marked increase in temperature. Nature, v. 231, 37-38.

Brewer, P. G. and D. W. Spencer (1971). Colorimetric determination of manganese in anoxic waters. Limnology and Oceanography, v. 16, 107-110.

Spencer, D. W. and P. G. Brewer (1971). Vertical advection, diffusion and redox potentials as controls on the distribution of manganese and other trace metals dissolved in waters of the Black Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 76, 5877-5892.

1970

Brewer, P. G., D. W. Spencer, and P.E. Wilkniss (1970). Anomalous fluoride concentrations in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research, v. 17, 1- 7.

Spencer, D. W. and Brewer, P. G. (1970). Analytical methods in oceanography, Part 1: Inorganic Methods. In: C.R.C. Critical Reviews in Solid State Sciences, Vol. 1, pp. 409-478.

Turner, J. S., T. G. L. Shirtcliffe and P. G. Brewer (1970). Elemental variations of transport coefficients across density interfaces in multiple diffusive systems. Nature, v. 338, 1083-1084.

1969

Brewer, P. G., D. W. Spencer, and C. L. Smith (1969). Determination of trace metals in sea water by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. A.S.T.M. Special Publication, 443, 70-77.

Spencer, D. W. and P. G. Brewer (1969). The distribution of copper, zinc and nickel in sea water of the Gulf of Maine and the Sargasso Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 33, 325-339.

Brewer, P. G., C. D. Densmore, R. Munns, and R. J. Stanley (1969). Hydrography of the Red Sea brines. In: Hot Brines and Recent Heavy Metal Deposits in the Red Sea, E. T. Degens and D. A. Ross, eds., pp. 138- 147.

Brewer, P. G. and D. W. Spencer (1969). A note on the chemical composition of the Red Sea brines. In: Hot Brines and Recent Heavy Metal Deposits in the Red Sea, E. T. Degens and D. A. Ross, eds., pp. 174-179.

1967

Brewer, P. G. and J. P. Riley (1967). A study of some manual and automatic procedures for the determination of nitrate and silicate in sea water. Deep-Sea Research, v. 14, 475-477.

1966

Brewer, P. G. and J. P. Riley (1966). The automatic determination of silicate-silicon in natural waters with special reference to sea water. Anal. Chim. Acta, v. 35, 514-519.

Brewer, P. G., K. M. Chan, and J. P. Riley (1966). Automatic determination of certain micro-nutrients in sea water. In: Automation in Analytical Chemistry, Technicon Symposium, pp. 308-314.

1965

Brewer, P. G., J. P. Riley and F. Culkin (1965). The chemical composition of the hot salty water from the bottom of the Red Sea. Nature, v. 206, 1345-1346.

Brewer, P. G., J. P. Riley and F. Culkin (1965). The chemical composition of the hot salty water from the bottom of the Red Sea. Deep-Sea Research, v. 14, 475-477.

Brewer, P. G. and J. P. Riley (1965). The automatic determination of nitrate in sea water. Deep-Sea Research, v. 12, 765-772.

Last updated: Oct. 15, 2014