The development of terrain-relative navigation allows an autonomous underwater vehicle (the red line) to track a desired path (black line) successfully. The dashed line is the path the AUV would have flown without the terrain-relative navigation. See Rock et al. below.
Research programs at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) encompass the entire ocean, from the surface waters to the deep seafloor, and from the coastal zone to the open sea. The need to understand the ocean in all its complexity and variability drives MBARI's research and development efforts.