Emerging Science of a High CO2/Low pH Ocean

Science Background References

  • Andersen, N.R. and A. Malahoff (1977) The Fate of Fossil Fuel CO2 in the Oceans. Plenum Press, 749 pp.
  • Brewer, P.G., G. Friederich, E.T. Peltzer, and F.M. Orr, Jr. (1999) Direct Experiments on the Ocean Disposal of Fossil Fuel CO2. Science, 284, 943-945.
  • Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, I. Aya, K. Yamane, R. Kojima, Y. Nakajima, N. Nakayama, P. Haugan, T. Johannessen. (2005) Deep Ocean Experiments with fossil fuel carbon dioxide: creation and sensing of a controlled plume at 4 km depth. J. Mar. Res., 63, 9-33.
  • Cicerone, R., J. Orr, P.G. Brewer, P. Haugan, L. Merlivat, T. Ohsumi, S. Pantoja, and H.O. Poertner (2004) The ocean in a high CO2 world. Eos, 85, 351-353.
  • Delille, B. and others (2005) Response of primary production and calcification to changes of pCO2 during experimental blooms of the coccolithophorid Emiliana huxleyi. Global Biogeochem. Cy., 19, GB2023 doi: 10.1029/2004GB002318.
  • Dunk, R.M., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2005) Seeing a Deep Ocean CO2 Enrichment Experiment in a New Light: Laser Raman Detection of Dissolved CO2 in Seawater. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 9630-9636.
  • Gattuso J.-P., Frankignoulle M., Bourge I., Romaine S. & Buddemeier R. W. (1998) Effect of calcium carbonate saturation of seawater on coral calcification. Global Planet. Change, 18, 37-46.
  • Gattuso J.-P., Allemand D. & Frankignoulle M. (1999) Photosynthesis and calcification at cellular, organismal and community levels in coral reefs: a review on interactions and control by carbonate chemistry. American Zoologist 39(1):160-183.
  • Kita, J. and T. Ohsumi (2004) Perspectives on biological research for CO2 ocean sequestration. J. Oceanogr., 60, 695-703.
  • Kurihara, H. and Y. Shirayama (2004) Effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on sea urchin early development. Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser., 274, 161-169.
  • Langdon, C. and others (2002) Review of experimental evidence for effects of CO2 on calcification of reef builders. Proc. 9th Int. Coral Reef Sym., 2, 1091-1098.
  • Leclercq N., Gattuso J.-P. & Jaubert J. (2000) CO2 partial pressure controls the calcification rate of a coral community. Global Change Biology 6, 329-334.
  • Long, S.P., E.A. Ainsworth, A.B. Leakey, J. Nosberger, and D.R. Ort (2006) Food for thought: Lower-than-expected crop yield stimulation with rising CO2 concentrations. Science, 312, 1918-1921.
  • NSF-NOAA-USGS (2006) Impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs and other marine calcifiers. Report of a Workshop. J.A. Kleypas, R.A. Feely, V.J. Fabry, C. Langdon, C.L. Sabine, and L.L. Robbins, Eds.
  • Peltzer, E.T., P.G. Brewer, R.M. Dunk, M.P. Fuchs, P.M. Walz (2006), Deep Ocean CO2 Hydration Kinetics, Eos. Trans. AGU 87(36) Ocean Sci. Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS45B-20.

Questions? Comments? Please contact Edward Peltzer.


Upper-ocean systems
Acoustical ocean ecology
Acoustic instruments
Acoustic fingerprinting
Acoustic community ecology
Acoustics in the news
Biological oceanography
Global modes of sea surface temperature
Krill hotspots in the California Current
Nitrate supply estimates in upwelling systems
Chemical sensors
Chemical data
Land/Ocean Biogeochemical Observatory in Elkhorn Slough
Listing of floats
SOCCOM float visualization
Periodic table of elements in the ocean
Biogeochemical-Argo Report
Profiling float
Interdisciplinary field experiments
Ecogenomic Sensing
Genomic sensors
Field experiments
Harmful algal blooms (HABs)
Water quality
Environmental Sample Processor (ESP)
ESP Web Portal
In the news
Ocean observing system
Midwater research
Midwater ecology
Deep-sea squids and octopuses
Food web dynamics
Midwater time series
Respiration studies
Zooplankton biodiversity
Seafloor processes
Revealing the secrets of Sur Ridge
Exploring Sur Ridge’s coral gardens
Life at Sur Ridge
Mapping Sur Ridge
Biology and ecology
Effects of humans
Ocean acidification, warming, deoxygenation
Lost shipping container study
Effects of upwelling
Faunal patterns
Previous research
Technology development
High-CO2 / low-pH ocean
Benthic respirometer system
Climate change in extreme environments
Station M: A long-term observatory on the abyssal seafloor
Station M long-term time series
Monitoring instrumentation suite
Sargasso Sea research
Antarctic research
Geological changes
Arctic Shelf Edge
Continental Margins and Canyon Dynamics
Coordinated Canyon Experiment
CCE instruments
CCE repeat mapping data
Monterey Canyon: A Grand Canyon beneath the waves
Submarine volcanoes
Mid-ocean ridges
Magmatic processes
Volcanic processes
Explosive eruptions
Hydrothermal systems
Back arc spreading ridges
Near-ridge seamounts
Continental margin seamounts
Non-hot-spot linear chains
Eclectic seamounts topics
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California borderland
Hot spot research
Hot-spot plumes
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Hydrothermal systems
Flexural arch
Coral reefs
ReefGrow software
Eclectic topics
Submarine volcanism cruises
Volcanoes resources
Areas of study
Bioluminescence: Living light in the deep sea
Microscopic biology research
Open ocean biology research
Seafloor biology research
Automated chemical sensors
Methane in the seafloor
Volcanoes and seamounts
Hydrothermal vents
Methane in the seafloor
Submarine canyons
Earthquakes and landslides
Ocean acidification
Physical oceanography and climate change
Ocean circulation and algal blooms
Ocean cycles and climate change
Past research
Molecular ecology
Molecular systematics
SIMZ Project
Bone-eating worms
Gene flow and dispersal
Molecular-ecology expeditions
Ocean chemistry of greenhouse gases
Emerging science of a high CO2/low pH ocean