Emerging Science of a High CO2/Low pH Ocean

Peer-reviewed publications


  • Brewer, P. G. and E. T. Peltzer (2009). Limits to Marine Life. Science 324: 347-348. doi:10.1126/science.1170756.


  • Hester, K. C., E. T. Peltzer, W. J. Kirkwood, and P. G. Brewer (2008). Unanticipated consequences of ocean acidification: A noisier ocean at lower pH. Geophysical Research Letters 35: L19601, doi:10.1029/2008GL034913.


  • Tsouris, C., P. Szymcek, P. Taboada-Serrano, S.D. McCallum, P. Brewer, E. Peltzer, P. Walz, E. Adams, A. Chow, W.K. Johnson and J. Summers (2007). Scaled-Up Ocean Injection of CO2-Hydrate composite particles. Energy & Fuels 21: 3300-3309. doi:10.1021/ef070197h.


  • Brewer, P.G., B. Chen, R. Warzinski, A. Baggeroer, E.T. Peltzer, R.M. Dunk, and P.M. Walz (2006). Three-dimensional acoustic monitoring and modeling of a deep-sea CO2 droplet cloud. Geophysical Research Letters 33 L23607 doi:10.1029/2006GL027181.
  • Alendal, G., P.M. Haugan, R. Gangsto, K. Caldeira, E. Adams, P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, G. Rehder, and T. Sato (2006). Comment on “Fate of a Rising CO2 Droplets in Seawater. Environmental Science and Technology 40: 3653-3654. doi:10.1021/es052458c.
  • White, S.N., P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer (2006). Determination of gas bubble fractionation rates in the deep ocean by laser Raman spectroscopy. Marine Chemistry 99: 12-23.


  • Dunk, R.M., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2005). Seeing a deep ocean CO2 enrichment experiment in a new light: Laser raman detection of dissolved CO2 in seawater. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 9630-9636. doi:10.1021/es0511725.
  • Riestenberg, D., C. Tsouris, P.G. Brewer, E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, A. Chow, E. Adams (2005). Field studies on the formation of sinking CO2 particles for ocean carbon sequestration: Effects of injector geometry on particle density and dissolution rate and model simulation of plume behavior. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 7287-7293. doi:10.1021/es050125.
  • Nakayama, N., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2005). First results from a controlled deep sea CO2 perturbation experiment: Evidence for rapid equilibration of the oceanic CO2 system at depth. Journal of Geophysical Research110, C09S11, doi:10.1029/2004JC002597.
  • Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, I. Aya, K. Yamane, R. Kojima, Y. Nakajima, N. Nakayama, P. Haugan, T. Johannessen (2005). Deep ocean experiments with fossil fuel carbon dioxide: creation and sensing of a controlled plume at 4 km depth. Journal of Marine Research 63: 9-33.


  • Barry, J.P., K.R. Buck, C.F. Lovera, L. Kuhnz, P.J. Whaling, E.T. Peltzer, P. Walz, P.G. Brewer (2004). Effects of direct ocean CO2 injection on deep-sea meiofauna. Journal of Oceanography 60: 759-766.
  • Brewer, P.G., E. Peltzer, I. Aya, P. Haugan, R. Bellerby, K. Yamane, R. Kojima, P. Walz, Y. Nakajima (2004). Small scale field study of an ocean CO2 plume. Journal of Oceanography 60: 751-758.


  • Brewer, P.G., E.T. Peltzer, G. Friederich and G. Rehder (2002). Experimental determination of the fate of rising CO2droplets in sea water. Environmental Science Technology 36: 5441-5446.


  • Tamburri, M., E. T. Peltzer, G. Friederich, I. Aya, K. Yamane, and P. G. Brewer (2000). A field study of the effects of CO2 disposal on mobile deep-sea animals. Marine Chemistry 72: 95-101.
  • Brewer, P.G., E. T. Peltzer, G. Friederich, I. Aya, and K. Yamane (2000). Experiments on the ocean sequestration of fossil fuel CO2: pH measurements and hydrate formation. Marine Chemistry 72: 83-93.


  • Brewer, P. G., G. Friederich, E. T. Peltzer and F. M. Orr, Jr. (1999). Direct experiments on the ocean disposal of fossil fuel CO2. Science 284: 943-945.

Questions? Comments? Please contact Edward Peltzer.


Upper-ocean systems
Acoustical ocean ecology
Acoustic instruments
Acoustic fingerprinting
Acoustic community ecology
Acoustics in the news
Biological oceanography
Global modes of sea surface temperature
Krill hotspots in the California Current
Nitrate supply estimates in upwelling systems
Chemical sensors
Chemical data
Land/Ocean Biogeochemical Observatory in Elkhorn Slough
Listing of floats
SOCCOM float visualization
Periodic table of elements in the ocean
Biogeochemical-Argo Report
Profiling float
Interdisciplinary field experiments
Ecogenomic Sensing
Genomic sensors
Field experiments
Harmful algal blooms (HABs)
Water quality
Environmental Sample Processor (ESP)
ESP Web Portal
In the news
Ocean observing system
Midwater research
Midwater ecology
Deep-sea squids and octopuses
Food web dynamics
Midwater time series
Respiration studies
Zooplankton biodiversity
Seafloor processes
Revealing the secrets of Sur Ridge
Exploring Sur Ridge’s coral gardens
Life at Sur Ridge
Mapping Sur Ridge
Biology and ecology
Effects of humans
Ocean acidification, warming, deoxygenation
Lost shipping container study
Effects of upwelling
Faunal patterns
Previous research
Technology development
High-CO2 / low-pH ocean
Benthic respirometer system
Climate change in extreme environments
Station M: A long-term observatory on the abyssal seafloor
Station M long-term time series
Monitoring instrumentation suite
Sargasso Sea research
Antarctic research
Geological changes
Arctic Shelf Edge
Continental Margins and Canyon Dynamics
Coordinated Canyon Experiment
CCE instruments
CCE repeat mapping data
Monterey Canyon: A Grand Canyon beneath the waves
Submarine volcanoes
Mid-ocean ridges
Magmatic processes
Volcanic processes
Explosive eruptions
Hydrothermal systems
Back arc spreading ridges
Near-ridge seamounts
Continental margin seamounts
Non-hot-spot linear chains
Eclectic seamounts topics
Margin processes
Hydrates and seeps
California borderland
Hot spot research
Hot-spot plumes
Magmatic processes
Volcanic processes
Explosive eruptions
Volcanic hazards
Hydrothermal systems
Flexural arch
Coral reefs
ReefGrow software
Eclectic topics
Submarine volcanism cruises
Volcanoes resources
Areas of study
Bioluminescence: Living light in the deep sea
Microscopic biology research
Open ocean biology research
Seafloor biology research
Automated chemical sensors
Methane in the seafloor
Volcanoes and seamounts
Hydrothermal vents
Methane in the seafloor
Submarine canyons
Earthquakes and landslides
Ocean acidification
Physical oceanography and climate change
Ocean circulation and algal blooms
Ocean cycles and climate change
Past research
Molecular ecology
Molecular systematics
SIMZ Project
Bone-eating worms
Gene flow and dispersal
Molecular-ecology expeditions
Ocean chemistry of greenhouse gases
Emerging science of a high CO2/low pH ocean