Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Marine Botany

Ulva title imageReferences

Abbott, I.A. and G.J. Hollenberg. Marine algae of California. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976.

Beach, Kevin S., et al.  "Photosynthesis in reproductive unicells of Ulva fasciata and Enteromorpha flexuosa: implications for ecological success."  Marine Ecology Progress Series September 14 125 (1995): 229-237.  

Bonneau, E. R.  "Asexual Reproductive Capabilities in Ulva lactuca L. (Chlorophyceae)."  Botanica Marina 21 (1978): 117-121.

Chapman, A. R. O.  Biology of Seaweeds.  Baltimore: University Park Press, 1979.

Clayton, Margaret N and Robert J. King.  Marine Botany: An Austrlasian Perspective.  Melbourne: Longman Cheshire Pty Limited, 1981.

Fritsch, F.E.  The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935.

Ho, Y. B. "Ulva lactuca as bioindicator of metal contamination in intertidal waters in Hong Kong." Hydrobiologia 203 (1990): 73-81.

------ "Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta, Ulvales) in Hong Kong intertidal waters - its nitrogen and phosphorous contents and its use as a bioindicator of eutrophication." Asian Marine Biology 4 (1987): 97-102.

Lee, Robert. Edward.  Phycology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Littler, M. et al.  Marine plants of the Caribbean. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989.

Lobban, Christopher S. and Paul J. Harrison.  Seaweed Ecology and Physiology.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Melkonian, M.  "Flagellar apparatus, mating structure and gametic fusion in Ulva lactuca (Ulvales, Chlorophyceae)."  British Journal of Phycology 15 (1980): 197.

Neisenbaum, R. A.  "The ecology of sporulation by the macroalga Ulva lactuca L. (Chlorophyceae)." Aquatic Botany 32 (1988): 155-166.

Shin, Hyun-Woung and C. M Smith.  "Characteristics of pigments in motile cells of Ulva fasciata: In vivo absorption, in vivo flourescence emission and HPLC determination."  Journal of Phycology 31 (1995):8.

Smith, Gilbert M.  Marine Algae of the Monterey Peninsula California.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1944.

Sze, Philip.  A Biology of the Algae.  San Francisco: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 1998.

Waaland, Robert J. Common Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast.  Seattle: Pacific Search Press, 1977.


I would like to thank Rob DeConde for supportively letting me monopolize his computer to make this website, James Lopez for the use of his computer, scanner, CD burner and technical support, Caren Braby for helping with the digital cameras and being a great resource all around, Judith Connor for helping me collect and section algae and also serving as a tremendous resource, Ben Hale for the data on tensile strengths of algae, and the whole marine botany class of 2001 for some great days snorkeling. 

 ©Anna Kirby 2001  

Last updated: Feb. 05, 2009