The History of American
Deep Submersible Operations
Author of "The History of American Deep
Wednesday, July 12, 2000
3:00 p.m.—Pacific Forum
This lecture is a joint Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and
Marine Technology Society seminar.
History of American Deep Submersible Operations is described from the hand- powered, wooden-hulled, candlelit Revolutionary War submersible
"Turtle" to the present day nuclear-powered submersible NR-1.
The struggles of John Holland and Simon Lake in the late 1800s that led
to the launching of the first U.S. military subs a hundred years ago are
The developmental process during the 18th and 19th
century that led up to the first submersibles to be used for oceanographic
research is briefly outlined.
The initiation of American oceanographic research by deep submersible
is related in the stories of Beebe and Barton’s submersibles built in
the U.S. and the European-built bathyscaphe Trieste operated by the U.S.
The design, development, and operations of the first American-built
deep submersible launched in January 1964 is described, as are the
highlights of other deep submersibles active in the 20th
Next: Research and monitoring at Elkhorn
Slough: Exotic creatures in the mud