Recent Station M publications
2015 C. Laguionie-Marchais, L.A. Kuhnz, C.L. Huffard, H.A. Ruhl, K.L. Smith, Jr. Spatial and temporal variation in sponge spicule patches at Station M, North East Pacific Mar. Biol. 162:617-624.
2015 K.M. Dunlop, L.A. Kuhnz, H.A. Ruhl, C.L. Huffard, D.W. Caress, R.G. Henthorn, B.W. Hobson, P. McGill, K.L. Smith, Jr. An evaluation of deep-sea benthic megafauna length measurements obtained with laser and stereo camera methods. Deep Sea Res. Pt. I. 96:38-48.
2014 L.A. Kuhnz, H.A. Ruhl, C.L. Huffard, and K.L. Smith Jr. A benthic megafaunal community in the abyssal northeast Pacific: structural changes over a 24-year time series. Prog. Oceanogr. 124:1–11.
2014 K.L. Smith Jr., A.D. Sherman, C.L. Huffard, P.R. McGill, R. Henthorn, S.Von Thun, H.A. Ruhl, M. Kahru, and M.D. Ohman. Large salp bloom export from the upper ocean and benthic community response in the abyssal northeast Pacific: day to week resolution. Limnol. and Oceanogr. 59(3):745–757.
2014 H.A. Ruhl, B.J. Bett, S.J.M. Hughes, C.H.S. Alt, E.J. Ross, R.S. Lampitt, C.A. Pebody, K.L. Smith, Jr. and D.S.M. Billett. Links between deep-sea respiration and community dynamics. Ecology. 95(6):1651-1662.
2013 R.M. Jeffreys, C. Burke, A.J. Jamieson, B.E. Narayanaswamy, H.A. Ruhl, K.L. Smith Jr, U. Witte. Feeding preferences of abyssal macrofauna inferred from in situ pulse chase experiments. PlosOne. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080510.
2013 K.L. Smith, Jr., H.A. Ruhl, M. Kahru, C.L. Huffard and A.D. Sherman. Deep ocean communities impacted by changing climate over 24 y in the abyssal northeast Pacific. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 110(49): 19838-19841.
2013 S.E.Wilson, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. Zooplankton fecal pellet flux in the abyssal northeast Pacific: a 15 year time-series study.Limnol. Oceanogr. 58: 881-892.
2013 A.S.Kahn, J.B. Geller, H.M. Reiswig and K.L. Smith, Jr. Bathydorus laniger and Docosaccus maculatus (Lyssacinosida; Hexactinellida): two new species of glass sponge from the abyssal eastern North Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 3646 (4): 386-400.
2013 C. Laguionie-Marchais, D.S.M. Billett, G.L.D. Paterson, H.A. Ruhl, E.H. Soto, K.L. Smith Jr. and S. Thatje. Interannual dynamics of abyssal polychaete communities in the north east Pacific and north east Atlantic – a family level study. Deep-Sea Res. I 175: 175-186.
2012 J.C. Drazen, D.M. Bailey, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. The role of carrion supply in the abundance of deep-water fish off California.PLoS ONE 7(11): e49332.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049332.
2012 A.S. Kahn, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. Temporal changes in deep-sea sponge populations are correlated to changes in surface climate and food supply. Deep-Sea Res. I, 70: 36-41.
2010 M.F. Vardaro. Genetic and anatomic relationships among three morphotypes of the echinoid Echinocrepis rostrata. Invert. Biol. 129, 368-375.
2010 I. Kouridaki, P.N. Polymenakou, A. Tselepides, M. Mandalakis, K.L. Smith, Jr. Phylogenetic diversity of sediment bacteria from the deep northeastern Pacific Ocean: comparison with the deep eastern Mediterranean Sea. International Microbiol. 13, 143-150.
2009 K.L. Smith, Jr., H.A. Ruhl, B.J. Bett, D.S.M. Billett, R.S. Lampitt and R.S. Kaufmann. Climate, carbon cycling, and deep-ocean ecosystems. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 106, 19211-19218.
2009 N. D. Holland, W.J. Jones, J. Ellena, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. A new deep-sea species of epibenthic acorn worm (Hemichordata, Enteropneusta). Zoosystema, 31, 333 – 346.
2009 J.C. Drazen, C.F. Phleger, M.A. Guest, P.D. Nichols. Lipid composition and diet inferences in abyssal macrourids of the eastern North Pacific. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 387,1-14.
2009 M.F. Vardaro, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. Climate variation, carbon flux, and bioturbation in the abyssal North Pacific. Limnol. Oceanogr., 54, 2081-2088.
2009 A.D. Sherman and K.L. Smith, Jr. Deep-sea benthic boundary layer communities and food supply: A long-term monitoring strategy. Deep-Sea Res. II, 56, 1754-1762.
2009 P.R. McGill, A.D. Sherman, B.W. Hobson, R.G. Henthorn and K.L. Smith, Jr. Initial deployments of the Rover, an autonomous bottom-transecting instrument platform. J. Ocean. Tech. 4, 9-26.
2009 S.R. Beaupre, E.R.M. Druffel. Source Constraining the propagation of bomb-radiocarbon through the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) pool in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. (1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.) 56(10) 1717-1726.
2008 H.A. Ruhl, J. A. Ellena and K.L. Smith, Jr. Connections between climate, food limitation, and carbon cycling in abyssal sediment communities. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.105, 17006-17011.
2008 J.C. Drazen, B.N. Popp, C.A. Choy, T. Clemente, L. DeForest and K.L. Smith, Jr. Bypassing the abyssal benthic food web: Macrourid diet in the eastern North Pacific inferred from stomach content and stable isotopes analyses. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 2644-2654.
2008 E.R.M. Druffel, J.E. Bauer, S. Griffin, et al. Dissolved inorganic radiocarbon in the North Pacific Ocean and Sargasso Sea. Deep-Sea Res. (1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.) 55(4),451-459.
2008 K.L. Smith, Jr., H.A. Ruhl, R.S. Kaufmann, M. Kahru. Tracing abyssal food supply back to upper-ocean processes over a 17-year time series in the NE Pacific. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 2655-2667.
2008 J.A.T. Booth, H.A. Ruhl, L.L. Lovell, K.L. Smith, Jr. Size frequency dynamics of NE Pacific abyssal ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Mar. Biol. 154,933-941.
2008 H.A. Ruhl. Community change in the variable resource habitat of the abyssal NE Pacific. Ecology 89, 991-1000.
2008 A.K. Sweetman, U. Witte. Macrofaunal community composition, food web structure and short-term response to a simulated phytodetrital pulse in the abyssal northeast Pacific Ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 355,73-84.
2007 H. A. Ruhl. Abundance and size distribution dynamics of abyssal epibenthic megafauna in the northeast Pacific. Ecology 88,1250-1262.
2007 P.R. McGill, A.D. Sherman, B.W. Hobson, R.G. Henthorn, A.C. Chase, K.L. Smith, Jr. Initial Deployments of the Benthic Rover, an Autonomous Bottom-Transecting Instrument Platform for Long-Term Measurements in Deep Benthic Environments. Proceedings of the MTS/IEE Oceans Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia.
2007 M.F. Vardaro, D. Parmley and K.L. Smith, Jr. A study of possible “reef effects” caused by a long-term time-lapse camera in the deep North Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. I. 54, 1231-1240.
2007 J. Jones, E. Macpherson. Molecular phylogeny of the East Pacific squat lobsters of the genus Munidopsis (Decapoda: Galatheidae) with the descriptions of seven new species. J. Crust. Biol. 27(3):477-501.
2007 S.R. Beaupre, E.R.M. Druffel, S. Griffin. A low-blank photochemical extraction system for concentration and isotopic analyses of marine dissolved organic carbon Limnol. Oceanogr.:Methods 5,174-184.
2007 E.A. Hendrycks. A new species of Valettiopsis Holmes, 1908 (Crustacea : Gammaridea : Lysianassoidea) from abyssal waters off California. Zootaxa 1501,45-56.
2006 D.M. Bailey, H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. Long-term changes in benthopelagic fish abundance in the abyssal Northeast Pacific Ocean. Ecology 87, 549-555.
2006 K.L. Smith, Jr., R.J. Baldwin, H.A. Ruhl, M. Kahru, B.G. Mitchell and R.S. Kaufmann. Climate effect on food supply to depths greater than 4,000 meters in the northeast Pacific. Limnol. Oceanogr. 51, 166-176.
2005 K.L. Smith, Jr., N.D. Holland and H.A. Ruhl. Enteropneust production of spiral fecal trails on the deep-sea floor observed with time-lapse photography. Deep-Sea Res. I. 52, 1228-1240.
2004 J. Hwang, E.R.M. Druffel, S. Griffin, K.L. Smith, Jr., R.J. Baldwin and J.E. Bauer. Temporal variability of delta 14C, 13C and C/N in sinking particulate organic matter at a deep time-series station in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycl. 18, GB4015, doi:10.1029/2004GB002221.
2004 H.A. Ruhl and K.L. Smith, Jr. Shifts in deep-sea community structure linked to climate and food supply. Science 305, 513-515.
2004 E.C. Fisher, R.S. Kaufmann and K.L. Smith, Jr. Variability of epipelagic macrozooplankton/micronekton community structure in the NW Weddell Sea, Antarctica (1995 – 1996). Mar. Biol. 144, 345-360.
2004 I.G. Priede, A.R. Deary, D.M. Bailey and K.L. Smith, Jr. Low activity and seasonal change in population size structure of grenadiers in the oligotrophic abyssal central North Pacific Ocean. J. Fish Biol. 63, 187-196.
2004 J.S. Hwang, E.R.M. Druffel. Lipid-like material as the source of the uncharacterized organic carbon in the ocean? Science 299, 881-884.
2004 E.A. Hendrycks, K.E. Conlan. New and unusual abyssal gammaridean Amphipoda from the north-east Pacific. J. Nat. Hist. 37(19),2303-2368.
2004 J.C. Drazen. A seasonal analysis of the nutritional condition of deep-sea macrourid fishes in the north-east Pacific. J. Fish. Biol. 60(5),1280-1295.
2002 K.L. Smith, Jr., R.J. Baldwin, D.M. Karl and A. Boetius. Benthic community responses to pulses in pelagic food supply: North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Deep-Sea Res. I. 49, 971-990.