Gulf of California 2012

California Current

February 4-13, 2012

The California Undercurrent is a poorly-described eastern boundary countercurrent, which originates in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) warm pool and flows northward along the continental slope and shelf of North America. Along its path, the CU transports water and organisms to the Monterey Bay and beyond.

L1_cruisetrack

Leg 1 cruise track. Click for larger version.

The waters of the CU are deficient in oxygen and nitrate but may be enriched in iron. Off central California, the CU is typically weak and subsurface during the first half of the year, but strengthens and shallows during the latter half of the year. Because the CU provides source waters for coastal upwelling, its biogeochemistry and chemical evolution have significant consequences for the overall productivity of the California Current System.

For almost 20 years, the Biological Ocean Group at MBARI has utilized moorings and ships to measure the biological and chemical characteristics of the waters in the Monterey Bay, including levels of CO2 and dissolved inorganic carbon. Now, the Western Flyer transit south to the Gulf of California provides an opportunity for this group to trace the evolution of the Monterey Bay’s waters as they flow from the ETP to central California.

Accompanying the Biological Ocean Group is Carmen Castro of the Higher Council for Scientific Investigations in Spain. Carmen will be measuring the amount of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the seawater, while MBARI Research Specialist Gernot Friedrich will measure dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). The ocean absorbs about two billion tons of CO2 by diffusion annually, making the ocean more acidic and disrupting ocean ecosystems. This disruption could ultimately impact the oceanic carbon cycle; specifically, reducing the marine uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and thus exacerbating climate change.

Logbook

The global village. Clockwise from the left: Carmen Castro, Gernot Friederich, Chris Wahl, Haibin Zhang, Erich Rienecker, Jason Smith, Curt Collins, Francisco Chavez, Martín Hernández Ayón, Tim Pennington, Dana Lacono, Monique Messié, Marguerite Blum, and A.J. Limardo.

GOC 2012: Feb 12

Francisco, whose work has taken him to over 50 countries, observes that having a multi-national research team not only makes the work more interesting, but produces better results.
The Sierra de la Laguna rises out of the morning mist at the southern tip of Baja California.

GOC 2012: Feb 11

A research cruise is a lot like the classic Bill Murray movie Groundhog Day-you keep living the same day over and over again, and you can't leave, so all you can do is try to do a better job each day. So goes Day 8.
Haibin empties the "cod-end" of the plankton tow into a plastic tub. Copepods are sometimes called “net plankton” because they are (unfortunately for them) large enough to be captured with a net like Haibin’s.

GOC 2012: Feb 10

We arrived at our second sampling station of the day around 1:30 p.m.
It’s hard to imagine a better working environment for working to better the environment.

GOC 2012: Feb 9

Day 6 started early. The first CTD cast was just before 6:30 a.m., under clear blue skies and over deep blue waters.
Carmen Castro seals her seawater samples in glass ampules. She’ll take them back to her lab in Spain to analyze them for their organic carbon content.

GOC 2012: Feb 8

A "day" at sea on a research cruise is not quite as formal as a period of daylight followed by a period of darkness. Days begin when you wake, and end when you can find a long enough block of time without anything to do that you can sleep.
Tim Pennington at the instrument for running salinity tests, which are usually performed by Curt Collins.

GOC 2012: Feb 7

So what does this all mean? Well, if you’re a scallop, or a mussel—if you live in the ocean and rely on the oxygen dissolved in its waters—it means it may get very difficult to breathe. As an oxygen minimum zone expands and seeps up onto the continental shelf, that’s very bad news for stationary seafloor dwellers, who can’t move out of its path. And speaking of paths, fortunately ours and the storm’s that we’re under right now are headed in different directions. I’m hoping tomorrow morning’s Mexico is the tropical Mexico I was expecting.
Marguerite Blum on the well deck of the Western Flyer drawing samples from the Niskin bottles brought back from the depths during this morning’s CTD cast.

GOC 2012: Feb 6

By nine o’clock last night both CTD rosettes were back on deck, Francisco Chavez and Haibin Zhang had finished their plankton tow, and our captain, George Gunther, set the Western Flyer’s course for an overnight steam to today’s station, “UC4.”
Monique Messié prepares the filtration machine for the next round of samples.

GOC 2012: Feb 5

It's just after midnight, and we're standing on the rear deck as the winch pulls the CTD rosette through the last few meters of water and back through the ocean's dark surface.
A jelly floats by near the surface of the water as the Flyer sits on station during a CTD cast.

Port of Origin

Steaming out of the Moss Landing harbor on a ship called the Western Flyer with ROV Doc Ricketts on board and a course set for the Sea of Cortez, as an avid fan of John Steinbeck's work, it's fairly humbling, a good deal intimidating, and a whole lot exciting to write those words.