Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute






Antarctic Expedition 2009
March 6 - April 15, 2009
Northwestern Weddell Sea


Life on the ship


The Bridge’s Role in Deployments
March 25, 2009

Captain Mike Watson and the mates of the Palmer have been integral to the science being conducted on this cruise.

Deploying and recovering equipment carries varying amounts of risk, depending on weather, sea conditions, and currents. No specific protocols are laid out for deploying some equipment, so the captain must judge when conditions are too rough to risk a deployment. The bridge’s first concern is the safety of both the ship and the people onboard. The captain considers wind speed and direction, currents, swell height, and proximity to the iceberg to determine whether a science event is safe to carry out. If conditions are deemed safe, then the marine technicians, who work on the deck to deploy the equipment, evaluate the working conditions. With those two groups’ approval, the science party is left to judge whether a science event should occur under given conditions.

Accommodating what the science teams need for their sampling can be very trying. One of the more demanding situations is the ROV. The ROV recently did two dives in one day, and spent more than six hours in the water. During ROV deployments, Captain Mike and mates Gary Talbot, Rachelle Pagtalunan, and Brandon Bell actively kept the ship stationary throughout the dives. Due to the Palmer’s size, wind can rotate or shift the ship to the side, and on that day, winds were blowing up to 25 knots. As testament to the bridge officers’ skill and experience, the ship’s bow and stern thrusters were not used to maintain a stationary position for ROV deployments. Thrusters are strong, and can resist rotation or shifting, but at the cost of drowning out acoustic signals from sensitive scientific equipment. The bridge successfully maintained the ship’s orientation in the strong winds by positioning rudders and the main engines to use wind to their advantage; the wind pushed the ship back into proper position.

Third mate Brandon Bell holds the ship steady for hours during an ROV deployment. Photo by Amanda Kahn

Other instruments have their issues, too. MOCNESS trawls must be towed very slowly or else the nets can tear under the straining pressure. The bridge ensures that the ship moves slowly enough by using just one engine. Also, surface mapping demands a precise course through the water surrounding the iceberg, then a return to that same course later.

Though instruments can be refined and optimized for sampling, they are useless if they cannot be deployed or recovered safely and correctly. The officers have expertly commanded the ship to help get as much data collection as possible.

— Amanda Kahn

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IceburgExpedition Homepage
Find out why our scientists and equipment are in the Antarctic.

Unmanned Aerial VehicleDaily Expedition Logs
Find out what the scientists are doing daily out in the antarctic.

ROV PhantomExpedition Equipment
A detailed look and description of the equipment used on this cruise.

Ken SmithResearch Team
Meet and see photos of the scientists on this cruise.

Google EarthFollow the ship's voyage
A link to the expedition's voyage on Google Earth.

phytoplanktonExploratorium's Ice Stories
Antarctica's Iceberg Phytoplankton

Additional Links