Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) publications


Bowers, H.A., Marin, R.III, Birch, J.A., Scholin, C.A., and Doucette, G.J. (2016). Recovery and identification of Pseudo-nitzschia frustlules from natural samples acquired using the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP). Journal of Phycology, 52:135–140. http://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12369

Herfort, L., Seaton, C., Wilkin, M., Roman, B., Preston, C., Marin, R., Seitz, K., Smith, M., Haynes, V., Scholin, C., Baptista, A., Simon, H. (2016). Use of continuous, real-time observations and model simulations to achieve autonomous, adaptive sampling of microbial processes with a robotic sampler.  Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 14:50-67. http://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10069


Yamahara, K.M., Demir-Hilton, E., Preston, C.M., Marin III, R., Pargett, D., Roman, B., Jensen, S., Birch, J.M., Boehm, A.B., Scholin, C.A. (2015). Simultaneous monitoring of fecal indicators and harmful algae using an in in situ auntomous sensor. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 61130-138. http://doi.org/10.1111/lam.12432

Aylward, F.O., Eppley, J.M., Smith, J.M., Chavez, F.P., Scholin, C.A., DeLong, E.F. (2015). Ocean basin-wide community transcriptome dynamics are conserved among microbial plankton spanning all three domains of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 112: 5433-5448.

Varaljay, V.A., Robidart, J., Preston, C.M.,  Gifford, S.M., Durham, B.P., Burns, A.S., Ryan, J.P., Marin III, R., Kiene, R.P., Zehr, J.P., Scholin, C.A., Moran, M.A. (2015). Single-Taxon Field Measurements of Bacterial Gene Regulation Controlling DMSP Fate. The ISME Journal, 9: 1677–1686. http://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.94

Seegers, B.N., Birch, J.M., Marin, R. III, Scholin, C.A., Caron, D.A., Seubert, E.L., Howard, M.D.A., Roberston, G.L., Jones, B.H. (2015). Subsurface seeding of surface harmful algal blooms observed through the integration of autonomous gliders, moored Environmental Sample Processors, and satellite remote sensing in Southern California. Limnology and Oceanography, 60: 754 -764.

Caron, D.A., Gellene, A., Smith, G.J., Seubert, E.L., Campbell, V., Sukhatme, G.S., Seegers, B., Jones, B.H., Lie, A.A.Y., Terrado, R., Howard, M.D.A., Kudela, R.M., Hayashi, K., Ryan, J., Birch, J., Demir-Hilton, E., Yamahara, K., Scholin, C., Mengel, M., Robertson, G. (2015). Response of phytoplankton and bacterial biomass during a wastewater effluent diversion into nearshore coastal waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.09.013


Ottesen, E.A., Young, C.R., Gifford, S.M., Eppley, J.M., Marin III, R., Schuster, S.C., Scholin, C.A., DeLong, E.F. (2014). Multispecies diel transcriptional oscillations in open ocean heterotrophic bacterial assemblages. Science, 345: 207-212. http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1252476

Robidart, J.C., Church, M.J., Ryan, J.P., Ascani, F., Wilson, S.T., Bombar, D., Marin, R. III, Richards, K.J., Karl, D.M., Scholin, C.A., Zehr, J.P. (2014).  Ecogenomic sensor reveals controls on N2-fixing microorganisms in the North Pacific Ocean. The ISME Journal 8, 1175–1185. http://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2013.244


Ussler, W. III, Tavormina, P., Preston, C., Marin III, R., Pargett, D., Jensen, S., Roman, B., Shah, S., Girguis, P.R., Birch, J.M., Orphan, V., Scholin, C. (2013).  Autonomous in situ quantitative PCR amplification of aerobic methanotroph genes in the deep sea. Environmental Science and Technology, 47: 9339−9346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es4023199

Ottesen, E.A., Young, C.R., Eppley, J.M., Ryan, J.P., Chavez, F.P., Scholin, C.A., DeLong, E.F. (2013). Rhythm and synchrony of gene expression among sympatric marine microbial populations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110: E488-E497. http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1222099110

Scholin, C.A. (2013). Ecogenomic Sensors. In: Levin S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, second edition, Volume 2, pp. 690-700. Waltham, MA: Academic Press.


Harvey, J.B.C, Ryan, J.P., Marin III, R., Preston, C.M., Alvarado, N., Scholin, C.A., Vrijenhoek, R.C. (2012). Robotic sampling, in situ monitoring and molecular detection of marine zooplankton. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 413: 60–70. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.11.022

Robidart, J.C, Preston, C.M., Paerl, R.W., Turk, K.A., Mosier, A.C., Francis, C.A., Scholin, C.A., Zehr, J.P. (2012). Seasonal dynamics of Synechococcus and Thaumarchaeal microbial populations in Monterey Bay resolved in real time with remote in situ instrumentation. The ISME Journal, 6: 513-523. http://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2011.127


Saito, M.A., Bulygin, V.V., Moran, D.M., Taylor, C., Scholin, C. (2011). Examination of microbial proteome preservation techniques applicable to autonomous environmental sample collection. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2: 215. http://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2011.00215

Preston, C.M., Harris, A., Ryan, J.P., Roman, B., Marin III, R., Jensen, S., Everlove, C., Birch, J., Dzenitis, J.M., Pargett, D., Adachi, M., Turk, K., Zehr, J.P., Scholin, C.A. (2011). Underwater application of quantitative PCR on an ocean mooring.  PLoS ONE, 6(8): e22522. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022522

Ottesen, E.A., Marin III, R., Preston, C.M., Young, C.R., Ryan, J.P., Scholin, C.A., DeLong, E.F. (2011). Metatranscriptomic analysis of autonomously collected and preserved marine bacterioplankton. The ISME Journal, 5: 1881–1895. http://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2011.70

Ryan, J., Greenfield, D., Marin III, R., Preston, C., Roman, B., Jensen, S., Pargett, D., Birch, J., Mikulski, C., Doucette, G., Scholin, C.A. (2011). Harmful phytoplankton ecology studies using an autonomous molecular analytical and ocean observing network.  Limnology and Oceanography, 56: 1255-1272.


Doucette, G.J., Mikulski, C.M., Jones K.L., King, K.L., Greenfield D.I., Marin III R., Jensen S., Roman B., Elliott C.T., Scholin, CA. (2009). Remote, subsurface detection of the algal toxin domoic acid onboard the Environmental Sample Processor: assay development and initial field trials. Harmful Algae, 8:880-888.

Scholin, C., Doucette, G., Jensen, S., Roman, B., Pargett, D., Marin III, R., Preston, C., Jones, W., Feldman, J., Everlove, C., Harris, A., Alvarado, N., Massion, E., Birch, J., Greenfield, D., Vrijenhoek, R., Mikulski, C., Jones, K. (2009). Remote detection of marine microbes, small invertebrates, harmful algae and biotoxins using the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP). Oceanography, 22: 158-167.

Preston, C., Marin III, R., Jensen, S., Feldman, J., Massion, E., DeLong, E., Suzuki, M., Wheeler, K., Cline, D., Alvarado, N., Scholin, C. (2009). Near real-time, autonomous detection of marine bacterioplankton on a coastal mooring in Monterey Bay, California, using rRNA-targeted DNA probes.  Environmental Microbiology, 11: 1168-1180.


Greenfield, D., Marin III, R., Doucette, G.J., Mikulski, C., Jensen, S., Roman, B., Alvarado, N., Scholin, C.A. (2008). Field applications of the second-generation Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) for remote detection of harmful algae: 2006-2007. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 6: 667-679.


Jones, W.J., Preston, C., Marin III, R., Scholin, C., Vrijenhoek, R. (2007). A robotic molecular method for in situ detection of marine invertebrate larvae.  Molecular Ecology Resources, 8: 540-550.

Roman, B., Scholin, C., Jensen, S., Massion, E., Marin III, R., Preston, C., Greenfield, D., Jones, W., Wheeler, K. (2007). Controlling a Robotic Marine Water Sampler with the Ruby Scripting Language. Journal of American Laboratory Automation, 12: 56-61.


Greenfield, D.I., Marin III, R., Jensen, S., Massion, E., Roman, B., Feldman, J., Scholin, C. (2006). Application of the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) methodology for quantifying Pseudo-nitzschia australis using ribosomal RNA-targeted probes in sandwich and fluorescent in situ hybridization.  Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 4: 426-435.

Metfies, K., Töbe, K., Scholin, C., Medlin, L.K. (2006). Laboratory and field applications of ribosomal RNA probes to aid the detection and monitoring of harmful algae. In: Ecology of Harmful Algae (Granéli, E., and Turner, J.T. eds), pp. 311-325. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.


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